Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Re-use of harvested water hyacinth as organic fertilizer through composting

Re-use of harvested water hyacinth as organic fertilizer through composting 

Water Hyacinths: even though this is seen as a harmful plant or sea weed, it has it usefulness when used.
A) Water purifier: Water hyacinths can be used to detoxify water bodies in enclosed areas.
b) Organic manure: It is used in potato cultivation
c)Bio gas plant: More specifically I recall chopping large quantity of water hyacinth for biogas production. It is mixed with the droppings and dung in biogas production.
d) Handicraft: Fiber can be treated and made to rope. Rope artisans can make different items from the rope..

The water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is an invasive plant that is native of the Amazon basin and whose capacity for growth and propagation causes major conservation problems with considerable socioeconomic repercussions. The greatest damage due to its fast expansion has been in the middle reaches of the River Guadiana in the SW Iberian Peninsula, where was detected in the Autumn of 2004. Due to its rapid expansion, mechanical extraction was carried out by the Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadiana (CHG) of Spain's Ministry of the Environment since the affected zone is an important area of irrigation farming and hydraulic works and this alien plant weed provoked acute social alarm (Ruiz et al., 2008). In this work we used composting and vermicomposting techniques as an environmental alternative to assess the possibilities of biotransformation of the water hyacinth biomass removed mechanically from the Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Four compost piles 1.5 x 10 m size, mechanically tumbled and with no forced ventilation (turning windrows system), were constructed outdoor. Each compost pile was considered as a different treatment: CC1: fresh water hyacinth / wheat straw (1:1 vol/vol); CC2: fresh water hyacinth / sheep manure rich in wheat straw (1:1 vol/vol); CC3: fresh water hyacinth / sheep manure rich in wheat straw (2:1 vol/vol) + Bokachi EM Activator (200 g m-2) to favor the composting process; CC4: fresh water hyacinth / sheep manure rich in wheat straw (1:1 vol/vol) + Bokachi EM Activator (200 g m-2). The vermicomposting process was performed on mesh coated wooden boxes (0.34 m3) covered with a shadow mesh with the aim of harmonizing the environmental conditions. The quantities of water hyacinth biomass used were identical in volume (120 l) but with different state or composition: fresh and chopped biomass (VCF); dry and chopped biomass (VCS); fresh and pre-composted biomass with sheep manure rich in wheat straw (VCP). Identical worm density, irrigation type (microaspersion), irrigation period and vermicomposting process duration (four months) were adopted. Phytotoxicity tests were performed on Lactuca sativa cv. "cuatro estaciones" with the aim of finding the appropriate concentrations to be incorporated to the soil. The composting process required water hyacinth to be crushed, because only chopping made the process very slow. The greatest effectiveness was observed with the vermicomposting trials. In the phytotoxicity tests, the vermicompost extracts did not cause any toxicity at any of the concentrations studied; however, compost extracts obtained in CC1 and CC3 caused problems in root development. Key words: composting, vermicomposting, water hyacinth. References Ruiz T., Martín de Rodrigo E., Lorenzo G., Albano E., Morán R., Sánchez J.M. 2008. The Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: an invasive plant in the Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Aquatic Invasions Volume 3, Issue 1: 42-53.

Tuesday, May 09, 2017

how to get pregnant conceive with a baby boy naturally DR. SHETTLES’ METHOD

how to get pregnant  conceive with a baby boy naturally

Dr. Shettles’ method has probably been the world’s most widely used gender selection method since the publication of his bestseller, How to Choose the Sex of Your Baby, in the 1960s (you can still purchase the book from or

One important fact to remember is that a woman has two X chromosomes and the man has one X chromosome and one Y chromosome so when it comes to picking which gender she wants it will not be up to her but up to the man since he has a boy and a girl chromosome. Although the Y chromosome baby boy sperm is faster than the X chromosome girl sperm, the boy sperm is much more delicate. You must time your sexual intercourse to happen on the day you ovulate and the environment is not acidic. For a few days before the woman ovulates there should not be any sexual intercourse so the man will have many active Y chromosome boy sperm.
There are hundreds of tips on conceiving a boy telling you what you should eat, sexual positions you should use, what time of the day, etc that will help you conceive a boy.  Just remember that what works for one person may not work with you.  One thing that everyone should know before putting these tips to use is when they ovulate.  This means when an egg is released and is ready to be fertilized.  This is very important to know especially when you are trying to conceive a boy.  The Y chromosome boy sperm is delicate and you need to make sure that you and your partner are having sexual intercourse on that day if at all possible.  There is a window which is no later than twelve hours after you ovulate or no earlier than twenty-four hours before you ovulate.
When you are trying to figure out your ovulation date you should keep a chart for at least three months so you will have an idea of when you will ovulate.
·         If you make use of ovulation calculator together with monitoring the basal body temperature, you will get correct results.
·         if you want to conceive a boy naturally, you should avoid sex 3-5 days before the ovulation and should go for sex not more than 12-24 hours before you ovulate. In this case, egg will be there in uterus waiting for sperms to meet with one. Sperms are running through the way. As you now, male sperms are fast than female sperms, they will reach the egg first to meet it and to start a pregnancy. 

Male sperm live shorter than female sperm. So if they have to travel long distance than only female sperm will reach the egg.
So, in order to increase your chances to conceive a boy, you want to shorten the distance the sperm have to travel. You can do that with deep penetration intercourse positions. The good ol’ missionary position is fine if the woman raises her pelvis by bringing her knees up to her chest or resting her legs on the man’s shoulders. Placing a pillow under the woman’s bottom will make that easier.sperm is released as closely to the cervix as possible, which favors the male sperm cells. After he released his sperm, stay on your back with raised hips for at least 30 minutes so that the sperm stays there for 30 minutes instead of slipping out of your vagina.
Have an orgasm: When you have an orgasm, the cervical mucus inside your vagina becomes more alkaline and creates a better environment for male sperm. Ideally, the woman should climax before the male partner.
Ask Your Partner To Have Coffee
Even though this fact has not been tested scientifically, many women have vouched for the fact that it helps to conceive a boy. When the male partner has coffee before the intercourse. It is possible that caffeine helps the sperms in some way, but either way you are not going to lose anything. The ideal choice to brew the coffee would be using a good coffee maker, which keeps all the natural oils intact.
Tips on conceiving a boy eating certain foods
·         Eat more red meat.  The redder it is the better chance you have of conceiving a boy because it is rich in nutrients that will help with fertility.  Red meat will also help increase sperm production.  It is also rich in proteins which will help boost your chances of conceiving a baby boy.  Although it can help enhance your chances of conceiving a boy you need to eat it in moderation.  If you eat a large amount of red meat it could tip the scales toward having a girl instead by enhancing the acidity of her vaginal environment and reproductive tract.  When eating red meat, the salty red meat is better because it will increase your odds of having a boy.  You should add red meat to the menu around your ovulation date because it increases your chance of conceiving a baby boy.  You should also increase your intake of foods that are rich in protein.
·         You can take some herbal medicines also. You may contact Qari Hayat Khan, NOIDA,UP on his mobile +919717068694

Thursday, April 13, 2017

cutting off relation with relative is a major sin, one will not enter paradise

Source of the above hadith

Source of the article below:

4631: Broken ties of kinship and relationships

What is the meaning of silat al-rahm (upholding the ties of kinship)?
Published Date: 1999-06-09
Praise be to Allaah.
Islam calls for the upholding of the ties of kinship because of the great effect that this has on achieving social cohesion and perpetuating cooperation and love among the Muslims. Upholding the ties of kinship is a duty because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“… and fear Allaah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of ) the wombs (kinship)…”
[al-Nisa’ 4:1]
“And give to the kindred his due and to the miskeen (poor)…”
[al-Isra’ 17:26]
Allaah has warned us against cutting the ties of kinship (interpretation of the meaning):
“And those who break the Covenant of Allaah, after its ratification, and sever that which Allaah has commanded to be joined (i.e., they sever the bond of kinship and are not good to their relatives), and work mischief in the land, on them is the curse (i.e., they will be far away from Allaah’s Mercy); And for them is the unhappy (evil) home (i.e., Hell).” [al-Ra’d 13:25]
What punishment could be worse than the curse and the evil home that awaits those who sever the ties of kinship ? They deny themselves the reward for upholding the ties of kinship in the Hereafter, in addition to denying themselves much good in this world, which is a long life and ample provision. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever would like his rizq (provision) to be increased and his life to be extended, should uphold the ties of kinship.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 5986 and Muslim, 2557). Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Allaah created the universe, and when He had finished, kinship (al-rahm) stood up and said, “This is the standing up of one who seeks Your protection from being cut off.” Allaah said, “Yes, would it please you if I were to take care of those who take care of you and cut off those who cut you off?” It said, “Of course.” Allaah said, “Then your prayer in granted.”’” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Recite, if you wish (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Would you then, if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land, and sever your ties of kinship? Such are they whom Allaah has cursed, so that He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.’ [Muhammad 47:22-23].” (Saheeh Muslim bi Sharh al-Nawawi, 16/112).
Once we understand this, we need to ask: who is the one who upholds the ties of kinship? This was explained by the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he said: “The one who maintains a relationship with his relatives only because they maintain a relationship with him is not truly upholding the ties of kinship. The one who truly upholds those ties is the one who does so even if they break off the relationship.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 5645).
If the relationship is merely one of returning favours and giving like in return for like, and not taking the initiative, then this is not upholding the ties of kinship, it is only responding in kind. Some people follow the principle of giving a gift in return for a gift, and visiting in return for a visit, so if someone does not give them a gift, they do not give him a gift, and if he does not visit them, they do not visit him. This is not what is meant by upholding the ties of kinship at all, and this is not what is required by Islam. This is merely responding in kind, it is not the higher degree which Islam urges us to reach. A man said to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “I have relatives with whom I try to keep in touch, but they cut me off. I treat them well, but they abuse me. I am patient and kind towards them, but they insult me.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “If you are as you say, then it is as if you are putting hot dust in their mouths. Allaah will continue to support you as long as you continue to do that.” (Reported by Muslim with commentary by al-Nawawi, 16/115). Who could bear to put up with hot dust? We seek refuge with Allaah from cutting off the ties of kinship.