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Wednesday, February 29, 2012

DAF Clarifier in Paper Mill waste water

FLOTATION PROCESS
DAFTECH Floatcells are circular in shape, ranging in diameter from 1.2 to 21.3 meters and a liquid depth of only 0.65 meter. The complete set up consists of a flotation tank, feed pump, pressure pump, compressor, air mixing tube, chemical feed system and a spiral scoop for collection and removal of floated sludge.

The inlet, outlet and sludge removal mechanisms are contained in the central rotating section. This section and the spiral scoop rotate around the tank at a speed synchronized with the flow. The system is operated in the recycle flow pressurization mode where a portion of clarified effluent (25 - 30 percent) is continuously recycled from the collection tank to the air mixing tube at about 6.5 bar pressure. After pressure release, the aerated water is mixed with the influent flow just before the inlet to the distribution duct that moves with the same velocity, but in opposite direction to the incoming flow thus creating a quiescent state in the flotation chamber. Fine bubbles generated in this manner attach to the suspended particles and make them float to the surface.

The spiral scoop takes up the floated sludge, pouring it into the stationary center section where it is discharged by gravity. Clarified water is removed by extraction pipes, which are attached to the moving center section and discharged. Wiper blades attached to the moving distribution duct scrape the bottom and the sides of the tank and discharge settled sludge into the built-in sump for periodic purging. The variable speed gear motor drives the rotating elements and scoop. Electrical current for the gear motor is fed from a rotary contact mounted on the central shaft.


AIR MIXING
The separation efficiency of Total Suspended Solids in a DAF cell depends substantially on the generation of uniformly sized microscopic air bubbles. 

A part of the clarified water, generally 25 to 30% of the feed rate, is pressurized through a centrifugal pump to about 65 meter head and let into a cylindrical Air Mixing Tube through a nozzle at one end. The nozzle is so oriented inside the tank that the jet of water churns spirally along the inside wall of the tube forming a vortex along the central axis of the tube.

Into this tube is brought compressed air which passes through a microscopically porous medium placed adjacent to the inside wall of the tube.

The tube produces a saturated air-water mixture because the rate of absorption of any gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the pressure in which the dissolution takes place.

The air-water mixture that comes out of the other end of the tube passes through a pressure release valve where the pressure is reduced to the level of the incoming wastewater feed. At this stage, air bubbles of 30 - 50 microns are produced profusely which get released into the wastewater thereby giving the necessary buoyancy
to the suspended solids to rise to the surface of the water in the flotation tank.


ZERO VELOCITY
A quiescent state is an absolute necessity for good flotation. This is achieved by ensuring zero velocity of the wastewater when it enters the flotation tank.

The feed of wastewater premixed with depressurized recycle stream is led into the main tank through a distribution tube with adjustable nozzles. It is then discharged into the tank through baffles and then a turbulence arrester. The rotational velocity of the incoming wastewater into the tank is counterbalanced by the mechanical movement of the distribution tube in the opposite direction but at the same speed. This ensures quiescent condition and minimum turbulence.

DAFTECH Floatcells are designed with a retention time of 3 minutes. The equipment therefore is much more compact than rectangular DAF clarifiers of 15 to 30 minutes of retention and occupies only half of the floor space.
 
1 Wastewater Inlet 7 Floatcell Wall 13 Wastewater Pump
2 Clarified Water Outlet 8 Tank Wall Support 14 Air Compressor
3 Floated Sludge Outlet 9 Rotating Tank Wall 15 Flocculant Feed Point
4 Clarified Water Recycle Outlet 10 Level Control Weir 16 Pressure Release Valve
5 Rotary Joint 11 Spiral Scoop 17 Purge Valve
6 Spiral Scoop Shaft 12 Recycle Pump 18 Sample Point
Daftech Engineers Pvt. Ltd.,
SCO 1A, Sector 7-C, Madhya Marg

Chandigarh - 160 019
INDIA

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

MSW CONSULTANT

Plastic waste recycling industry in DELHI : The quantity of plastic wastes generated in Delhi is estimated to be 300 mt per day.Plastic waste collection and segregation, recycling and reprocessing systems and promoting end-product applications with desired recyclable component based on Guidelines for Recycling of Plastics to be issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards.
 
we do consultancy for that.

Recycling of plastic

I wonder how will I be able to do away with this cheapest and lightest means of carrying my luggage.

These plastic bags and bottles have been our greatest friends in routine life. But, these friends of ours are severely putting a strain on the environment. Discarding plastic waste in open chokes the water bodies, clogs soil pores, blocks the drainage system. Not only this, the plastic waste when gets mixed and clogged with other waste emits harmful gases. If the same plastic becomes the food for fish, it means only death for them.

What can be done to reduce the side effects of plastic waste? Recycling of plastic is the best way to reduce the burden on the environment. Lets begin with not throwing the plastic bottles and bags in open. Secondly, make use of the use-and-throw bottles after cleansing them and re-using them for some other purpose.

Sunday, February 12, 2012

Having Windows XP Slow Shutdown Problems?

Having Windows XP Slow Shutdown Problems?

Source of Article; http://www.windowsxpslowstartup.how-do-you-do.info/

Have a Windows XP slow shutdown problem? Waiting to go to bed and you want to make sure your PC powers down? Maybe you are just waiting for it to reboot.  it may take more time to complete the shutdown process. So what is is causing this Windows XP slow shutdown problem? A slow shutdown can be caused for a number of reasons. One thing that can cause this is the Windows XP page file.

By default Windows XP when shutting down goes through a process of clearing the page file. This page file is commonly called "virtual memory" and is used to swap pages of "real" memory to this "virtual memory" that resides on your hard disk. The smaller you real memory is (ram) the higher the memory swapping activity. Although this in itself will not cause the Windows XP slow shutdown problem it tends to make the running of programs slow during normal running. During the shutdown though it takes time to clear all the Virtual Memory as being on disk the access to it is slower than real memory. Unfortunately the clearing of virtual memory option is usually set by default.

So why is this so? Well for some reason Microsoft for some reason seemed to think that a large proportion of people buying a PC with Windows XP installed are going to run other operating systems as well as Windows XP (e.g. Linux etc.). This meant that a virtual memory that is not cleared can cause problems when switching between operating systems. Considering that only a very small proportion of users would be doing this you wonder why this option was enabled rather than disabled by default.

As I mentioned this option is enabled, it causes the system pagefile to be cleared upon a clean shutdown. This takes considerable time for the Windows XP operating system to flush out the pagefiles, thus causing your Windows XP slow shutdown problem. Fortunately can turn this option off and improve shutdown times. At the same time if you just happen to be one of those people who does run multiple operating systems then the cache still remains intact and accessible for the other operating system.

So let me show you how to turn this option off. You have to use the registry editor to do this.

  1. Start the registry editor by clicking on "Start" then on "Run"
  2. Type in the run box "Regedit" then click "OK"
  3. First perform a save of the registry by clicking on "File" then "Export" and save a copy of the whole registry. (Just in case you have to copy it back)
  4. Click on the "+" sign next to the following folders "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" then "SYSTEM".
  5. Under this folder click on the  "+" sign next to the following "CurrentControlSet" then "Control" then "Session Manager" and lastly click on the folder icon labeled "Memory Management"
  6. Under the "Memory Management" folder look for the key called "ClearPageFileAtShutdown" If the value is already set to "0" then you have nothing to do. Your Windows XP slow shutdown problem is not this. Just exit the Regedit editor.
  7. If it is set to "1" then right click on the key and click on "modify"
  8. Change the  "Value Data" to "0" then click "OK"

And that's it! Well for you it may be.

Not quite, if you are having a Windows XP slow shutdown problem and you have Windows XP Professional installed then you are lucky. You do not have to go through all the above heavy stuff. (I guess they have to give you something for all that extra dosh you paid out) You can turn off virtual memory clearing as follows:

  1. Click on "Start" then "Run".
  2. Type in "secpol.msc" in the run box then "OK".
  3. Click on the "Security Options" folder.
  4. In the right panel look for the policy called "Shutdown:Clear virtual memory pagefile" and double left click on it.
  5. In the box that pops up left click on the "disabled" button then "OK".

That's all, don't you wish you had Windows XP Professional.

To conclude, there are many other things that can cause Windows XP slow shutdown problems. Many of the fixes suggested for the Windows XP slow startup problem can also be applied. (Cleanup disk, defragment etc). These are explained elsewhere on this website.

Source of Article; http://www.windowsxpslowstartup.how-do-you-do.info/

Sunday, February 05, 2012

best women gynecologists in Delhi---IVF, Infertility, Blocked fallopian tube

NOTE:Alternative medicine is no substitute for main line of treatment. They can only help in main line of treatment. And there is no surety in alternative medicine of treatment as claimed by many.I have given the source of each information where you can go yourselves and read.I am only sharing information and not supporting any information given below.

1.
Dr. Sheela Mehra - Best Gynecologist In Delhi - MoolChand MedCity Hospital

For Hospital Consultation: Lajpat Nagar Part 3, New Delhi 24 India

Hospital Numbers: 011-4200 0000 and 011-4200 0300

Moolchand's Email ID: clinic@moolchandhealthcare.com

For Clinic Appointment: C 557 Def Col, New Delhi 24

Clinic Contact Number: 011-24333026
Personal Cell Number: 9811530140
*************************************************************************************************
2.
Dr. Abha Majumdar - Top Infertility Doctor in Delhi - Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
For Hospital Appointment: Old Rajinder Nagar New Delhi 60 India
Hospital Number: 011-25750000
Gangaram's Email ID:gangaram@sgrh.com
For Clinic Appointment: Genesis Clinic F 431 Ground Floor New Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi 60
Clinic Contact Number: 011-28745692
Personal Cell Number: 9810315807

Stay hopeful:
Generally speaking, what the doctor says may not be correct and you should not jump to complete negativity based on your doctor’s opinions. I heard many cases that got pregnant in spite of having tubal blockages and the doctor declaring that getting pregnant is not possible.
In view of the above, you should not give up your hope of getting pregnant and giving birth to a baby.

STEP ONE: Never stop your doctors medicines.Improve immunity system by taking garlic,Vitamin C, Zinc and magnesium supplements


STEP TWO: Self Abdominal or Fertility Massage Self-fertility massage in conjunction with castor oil packs can be very beneficial in supporting the process of clearing the fallopian tubes. Watch youtube videos.


STEP THREE : Fertility Cleansing by herbs. QARI HAYAT MOBILE +919717068694 NOIDA,UP,INDIA. He gives herbal medicine.

STEP FOUR : Consider HOMEOPATHY with a local doctor

STEP FIVE : Proper SEX methods. 

The missionary position. Or man-on-top is said to be the position that's best for getting pregnant. This is because this particular position allows for the deepest possible penetration, making it possible for the sperm to get deposited closest to the cervix. place her legs over your shoulders. This shortens her vaginal canal, so your penis feels bigger inside her.

Raise the hips. 
Elevating the hips, which can be done by placing a pillow behind her, can also be helpful because this exposes the female cervix to as much semen as the male can release. 

Orgasms. Finally, while this has nothing to do with sexual positions, there are also researches that suggest the importance of the female orgasm in conceiving. According to studies, female orgasm leads to contractions that could push sperm up into the cervix. The lesson: have fun while trying to conceive. 
First, some facts. Three quarters of women  need  clitoral stimulation to have an orgasm during intercourse , according to the study.
 67 percent of women like a technique the researchers call layering, which entails stimulating the clitoris through the hood that covers it (or other surrounding skin) during foreplay.
During intercourse, 72.6 percent of women need clitoral stimulation to have an orgasm.

 More on exactly how to touch her  https://www.omgyes.com/


Q: Is male infertility a serious threat?
A: It accounts for 40 per cent of all infertility, primarily due to sperm defects. Sometimes this is brought on by external factors like tight innerwear, very hot baths, smoking, exposure to radiation and toxic chemicals. Sometimes there's a physiological basis-diabetes, hypothyroidism or genetic aberrations.
Q: What about infertility in women?
A: I see many young women who show signs and symptoms of polycystic ovaries, a condition associated with metabolic disorders and obesity. From job pressure to vehicular pollution, postponing parenthood to sexual liberation, fast food to sedentary lifestyle, all have been linked to infertility.
Conception Timeline
A: woman's fertility peaks between age 27 and 34. That's the best time to have the first baby. The best time to get pregnant? Watch out for the narrow window of time during ovulation, two weeks into the menstrual cycle. The life of a human egg is about 36 hours, while a sperm can survive in a woman's body for about 48 hours.

30% more chances of conception every month if a couple engages in unprotected sex at least two times a week.
Myth : Daily sex increases chances of pregnancy
Reality : No it doesn't. It may, in fact, bring down sperm count on the day of ovulation.
Source: The Complete Guide to Becoming Pregnant. Dr. Firuza R. Parikh. Random House India. 2011


PLEASE READ THE FULL ARTICLE BELOW :

DELHI DOCTORS :

1.
Dr. Sheela Mehra - Best Gynecologist In Delhi - MoolChand MedCity Hospital
For Hospital Consultation: Lajpat Nagar Part 3, New Delhi 24 India
Hospital Numbers: 011-4200 0000 and 011-4200 0300
Moolchand's Email ID: clinic@moolchandhealthcare.com
For Clinic Appointment: C 557 Def Col, New Delhi 24
Clinic Contact Number: 011-24333026
Personal Cell Number: 9811530140
*************************************************************************************************
2.
Dr. Abha Majumdar - Top Infertility Doctor in Delhi - Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
For Hospital Appointment: Old Rajinder Nagar New Delhi 60 India
Hospital Number: 011-25750000
Gangaram's Email ID:gangaram@sgrh.com
For Clinic Appointment: Genesis Clinic F 431 Ground Floor New Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi 60
Clinic Contact Number: 011-28745692

Personal Cell Number: 9810315807
CHAT WITH MEDICAL CONSULLTANTS IN DELHI

Almost 40% of infertility cases account from blocked fallopian tubes. Very often, only one of the fallopian tubes is blocked, with the other functioning normally. However, some women may have bilaterally blocked fallopian tubes too. Since blocked fallopian tubes are usually asymptomatic, they may go undetected until a woman is unable to conceive, and undergoes investigations to determine the reason for infertility. Most of the cases of blocked fallopian tubes are reversible and can be cured with medications.Consult doctors..

Blocked fallopian tubes are one of the main causes of infertility today. There are many natural options to help your body support normal fallopian tube function such as massage, enzymes and herbs. If you think you may have blocked fallopian tubes consult with your doctor so you can get an HSG test to determine if you have fallopian tube blockages. Once you have the diagnosis and location/severity of the blockages it will be easier to determine which route to take, whether it be a natural therapy or IVF.

cannot open tubes that were intentionally closed by a surgeon.

While there are many causes of infertility, a blockage of the fallopian tubes is often the reason why many women are unable to conceive. The fallopian tubes are the pathways in which the ova travel from the ovaries down into the uterus, and if there is a blockage in these tubes it can prevent this from occurring.

Common conditions that may cause blocked fallopian tubes are:

·         Endometriosis
·         Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
·         Uterine Fibroids
·         Ectopic pregnancy
·         Tubal Ligation Removal
·         Complications from lower abdominal surgery such as Cesarean section
·         Genital Tuberculosis (still common in developing countries, especially India)

Other Treatments for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Surgery
Performing surgery on structures as tiny and delicate as fallopian tubes can be challenging for physicians. Because adhesions tend to form to help the body heal after surgery, most surgeons feel that surgical tubal repair provides a brief window of time to conceive before new adhesions form and re-block the repaired tubes.
In the largest study of its kind, the journal Human Reproduction reported that only 19% of blocked fallopian tubes remained open six months after a minimally invasive surgery to clear the tubes. (Gleicher et al., 1993) This rapid re-closure does not appear to happen after Wurn Technique therapy, perhaps because it is less invasive than surgery.

Surgically opened tubes closed within six months in 81% of cases (Gleicher et al., 1993). This does not appear to happen with our manual physiotherapy.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
This procedure places sperm directly into the uterus via a catheter. However, this approach is useless if the fallopian tubes are blocked. Due to the blockage, sperm and egg are unable to meet, making pregnancy impossible, and negating the use of IUI for women with blocked tubes.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Reproductive specialists often suggest alternatives to surgical repair, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), a process that can bypass blocked fallopian tubes. Some physicians suggest removing the tubes before this procedure. They feel this may yield better IVF success rates. Unfortunately, this eliminates the possibility of ever having a natural pregnancy.
Each IVF cycle is designed to help sperm and egg meet and then implant in the uterus. If the cycle is not successful, it must be repeated. Data from The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) show a 37% national success rate for IVF, using the birth mother’s own fresh eggs (the most common method). (CDC et al,, 2012)

Natural Therapies for Fallopian Tube Health

1. Fertility Cleansing

Fertility cleansing helps to cleanse the entire reproductive system and increase circulation to the reproductive organs. Starting your natural fallopian tube therapy should begin withfertility cleansing. The herbs in this cleanse are absorbed into the body and go to work where they are needed. Fertility Cleansing creates a “clean slate” within the body that helps the body to respond and utilize other natural remedies better.

Fertility cleansing is a way to support the body in preparation for conception by cleansing the uterus and liver. A fertility cleanse encourages the liver to cleanse the body of toxins and excess hormones. It also supports the uterus to cleanse itself of old stagnant blood and increases circulation to the uterus while tonifying the uterine tissues.
Note: Do not cleanse during pregnancy or breastfeeding. You do not want to expose your baby to your body’s toxins as they circulate in your blood on the way out.

CONTACT QARI HAYAT MOBILE +919717068694 NOIDA,UP,INDIA. For fertility cleaning herbs.

Natural Therapies for Blocked Fallopian Tubes http://natural-fertility-info.com/blocked-fallopian-tubes

While there are many causes of infertility, a blockage of the fallopian tubes is often the reason why many women are unable to conceive. The fallopian tubes are the pathways in which the ova travel from the ovaries down into the uterus, and if there is a blockage in these tubes it can prevent this from occurring.
The fallopian tubes can sometimes become blocked or even damaged due to certain conditions that a woman may suffer from. In rare cases, the blockage to the fallopian tubes may have been present since birth as a birth defect, but has gone undetected until the woman reached adulthood and tried to conceive.

Get to Know Your Fallopian Tubes

Upon ovulation, the egg will travel from the ovary to the fallopian tubes where the sperm will meet the egg and fertilization occurs. Once fertilized the zygote (fertilized egg) is pushed through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus where implantation will occur.
The fallopian tubes connect to the uterus at the utero-tubal junction where the fallopian tubes open into the uterine cavity. These very thin tubules are lined with cilia, which are fine hair-like cells. From there they extend out and slightly around toward the ovaries on both sides of female body.
The fallopian tubes are described in sections for medical reference. The infundibulum is the end near the ovary that is associated with the fimbriae. The fimbriae is a fringe of tissue at the distal end (opening side toward the ovary) of the fallopian tubes. Thefimbriae are covered in cilia, which look like tiny hairs. Just prior to ovulation sex hormones signal the fimbriae to fill with blood and move to touch the ovary in a gentle sweeping motion. When an oocyte (ova) is released at ovulation, the fimbria and cilia sweep the oocyte into the fallopian tube to be moved toward the uterus to wait for fertilization.
The ampullary is the section of lateral tube (central section moving toward the uterus). The ampullary is the main part of the fallopian tube. From there, moving inward toward the uterus the tube narrows into what is known as the isthmus. The isthmus is the part connected to the uterus at the utero-tubal junction.
Cells of the Fallopian Tubes are Affected by Hormones
There are two types of cells within the fallopian tubes. 
Ciliated cells are most abundant in the infundibulum and ampullary. Estrogen increases the production of cilia cells in the fallopian tubes. Scattered between the ciliated cells are peg cells which produce tubular fluid. This fluid contains important nutrients for both sperm, oocytes (ova), and zygotes (fertilized ova). The secretions also promote capacitation of the sperm. You may not know it, but the sperm cannot mature for complete fertilization without this important fluid. Progesterone increases the number of peg cells. Estrogen increases the height and secretory activity of the peg cells. In addition, tubal fluid flows against the action of the cilia, near the fimbriated end. Not only is progesterone and estrogen balance vital to the menstrual cycle overall, but it is vital to the health and proper function of the fallopian tubes as well.

Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Location and Types of Blockages

These are the three main locations for fallopian tube blockages.
1. Proximal 2. Midsegment 3. Distal
There are different types of fallopian tube blockages. Because the fallopian tubes have different parts and are a tube, there may be different parts of the tube blocked. Each section has its own name. Doctors have also come to find out that there are patterns of disease or trauma that may affect certain parts of the fallopian tubes more than others.
Proximal tubal occlusion involves the isthmus. This can occur after infection such as complications from abortion, missed miscarriage, cesarean section or PID. Permanent birth control procedures like Essure block the isthmus.
Midsegment tubal obstruction of the ampullary is most often due to tubal ligation damage. Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure to permanently prevent pregnancy. Some women who have had tubal ligation change their mind later in life and choose to have this procedure reversed. This can be done surgically and has a 75% pregnancy success rate. Tubal ligation removal comes with its own risk for development of more scar tissue on top of scar tissue already present from the initial tubal ligation procedure.
Distal tubal occlusion is the type of blockage that affects the part of the fallopian tube end towards the ovary. This type of blockage is typically associated with hydrosalpinx. Hydrosalpinx is often caused by Chlamydia trachomatis infection, which is a sexually transmitted disease. Untreated Chlamydia is known to cause both pelvic and fallopian tube adhesions.
In less severe cases only the fimbriae may be damaged. They may become stuck together in masses or may be damaged enough to no longer function as they should. As we learned above, the fimbriae have the important role of sweeping the oocyte (ova) into the fallopian tube for fertilization. If they no longer function then the oocyte never makes it to its destination for fertilization.

Common conditions that may cause blocked fallopian tubes are:

·         Endometriosis
·         Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
·         Uterine Fibroids
·         Ectopic pregnancy
·         Tubal Ligation Removal
·         Complications from lower abdominal surgery such as Cesarean section
·         Genital Tuberculosis (still common in developing countries, especially India)
Endometriosis and Fibroid tumors are both conditions which are becoming present in more women every year. In fact, an astounding 13.6 million women in the United States alone suffer from mild to severe endometriosis.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is another common condition which women suffer from. Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID, is an umbrella term for a number of different problems that create an inflammatory infection in the female reproductive system. PID is almost always the direct result of a sexually transmitted disease, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, and is responsible for about 100,000 cases of female infertility per year.
All of these conditions can cause blockage to the fallopian tubes by having adhesions, scar tissue, tumors or polyps form inside the path of the tube. The fallopian tubes may also become stuck to other parts of the internal body; the bladder, ovaries, uterus, bowels, etc. Damaged fallopian tubes can become twisted or the walls of the tubes themselves may adhere together causing a total blockage.
Partially damaged fallopian tubes may remain open enough for pregnancy to occur, but a partial blockage increases the risk for ectopic pregnancy. The fallopian tubes are very thin to begin with, it does not take much for them to become blocked, preventing the ova from traveling through. Studies have shown that low progesterone levels, smoking and use of fertility medications may alter how the fallopian tubes function, which increases risk for ectopic pregnancy. Any of the conditions above may cause a partial tubal blockage as well, which also increases risk for ectopic pregnancy. To learn full details about causes and additional risk factors for ectopic pregnancy click here…

Diagnosing Blocked Fallopian Tubes

There really are no outward signs that will let you know if you are suffering from blocked fallopian tubes. If you have ever suffered from pelvic inflammatory disease, there is however a very good chance that your tubes are blocked, as doctors estimate that at least three out of four women that have had a sexually transmitted disease do suffer from tubal blockage.
The primary indicator that there is a blockage is an inability to conceive. Fortunately, there are medical tests that detect any abnormalities or blockages. If there is evidence of some type of blockage to the tubes, further investigation is generally performed using a laparoscope which will help the doctor actually see into the fallopian tubes. Here are details on how blocked fallopian tubes are diagnosed…
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
Hysterosalpingogram is an X-ray test, using a contrast dye to view any obstruction in the fallopian tubes. The dye is inserted through a thin tube that is placed up through the vagina, into the uterus. Filling the uterus with this dye will then spill into the fallopian tubes. X-rays are then taken to determine if there is an injury or abnormal shape of the uterus and fallopian tubes, including obstruction in the tubes. This test is the number one test performed to determine if there is a blockage in the fallopian tubes.
Chromotubation
This test is similar to hysterosalpingogram because chromotubation includes dye being passed into the uterus and fallopian tubes as well. This test is performed during laparoscopy, so that doctors can see the dye spilling from the fallopian tube. The dye used for this procedure cannot be seen on an X-ray, it is blue in color. This test is considered the most reliable way to determine fallopian tube blockage, but does require surgery.
Sonohysterography
This is a non-invasive procedure where ultrasound imaging is used to determine if there are any abnormalities of the reproductive organs. This type of test is not always a reliable way to determine fallopian tube blockage since the tubes are so small. This test may help to determine hydrosalpinx or other issues such as uterine fibroids.

Medical Procedures to Open Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Thousands of women are diagnosed with blocked fallopian tubes each year and the number one question on their minds…how can I reopen them? There are many options for healing the fallopian tubes and in many cases they can become open once again. It is important to recognize that the fallopian tubes are about the size of a spaghetti noodle in width. Once they are damaged it may be difficult to reverse that damage. They are very delicate. Any sort of trauma can alter their function and damage the tubal tissues. Below are a variety of medical options for reopening the fallopian tubes.
Surgical Options
Tubal surgical procedures can either be done by open abdominal surgery or laparoscopy (small incision).
Salpingectomy
This procedure is the removal of part of the fallopian tube. This is commonly performed for hydrosalpinx prior to IVF. According to Fertility and Sterility, untreated hydrosalpinx makes IVF half as likely to be successful.
Salpingostomy
This procedure is performed when the end of the fallopian tube is blocked by hydrosalpinx. The surgeon creates a new opening in the fallopian tube entrance nearest the ovary. The success of this procedure is often temporary and often scar tissue reforms causing another blockage within 3-6 months of the procedure.
Fimbrioplasty
This option may be performed on women with damage to the fimbriae. If the fimbriae and its cilia are stuck together by scar tissue, which is preventing the ova from being picked up, a fimbrioplasty may be recommended. This procedure rebuilds the fimbriae. Very few doctors are experts in this type of procedure and medical insurance often does not cover the cost of this procedure. Fimbrioplasty is now recommended in select cases over salpingostomy, which has been shown to be less successful.
The above procedures have about a 20-30% pregnancy success rate.
Selective tubal cannulation
This procedure is performed for proximal tubal occlusion (where the tube meets the uterus). Guided by hysteroscopy or fluoroscopy, doctors insert a catheter through the cervix, uterus and into the fallopian tube. This is a non-surgical procedure that has a 60% pregnancy success rate.
Tubal ligation removal, known as tubal reanastomosis
Reversal of a tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that is done with the assistance of a microscope and is generally performed in a hospital setting or outpatient surgical facility. The surgeon removes the portion of the fallopian tube that was tied or cauterized in the original surgery and reattaches the two ends to make a complete tube. This procedure has a 75% pregnancy success rate.
During surgery doctors may clip away adhesions from the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus so the reproductive organs can move freely once again.
Risks for Fallopian Tube Surgery and Procedures
·         Regrowth of scar tissue and adhesion. Any kind of surgery runs the risk of these types of formations. The tubes may become blocked again or adhered to the abdominal wall, other parts of the reproductive organs, or other organs in the surrounding location, for example the bladder. Scar tissue may also form on other parts of the abdominal cavity, including the reproductive organs due to the surgical procedure.
·         Opening the abdomen runs the risk of pelvic infection.
·         Ectopic pregnancy.
While surgery is a common treatment for blocked fallopian tubes, there are natural options which can have great results without causing additional scar tissue to form.

Natural Therapies for Fallopian Tube Health

1. Fertility Cleansing

Fertility cleansing helps to cleanse the entire reproductive system and increase circulation to the reproductive organs. Starting your natural fallopian tube therapy should begin withfertility cleansing. The herbs in this cleanse are absorbed into the body and go to work where they are needed. Fertility Cleansing creates a “clean slate” within the body that helps the body to respond and utilize other natural remedies better.
CONTACT QARI HAYAT MOBILE +919717068694 NOIDA,UP,INDIA. For fertility cleaning herbs.

2. Systemic Enzyme Therapy

Systemic Enzyme Therapy is a method for helping the body clear itself of excess tissue, breakdown scar tissues, cleanse the blood, increase circulation to the reproductive organs and reduce immunological response. Enzyme therapy consists of using systemic enzymes (enzymes naturally found in the body) to help the body reduce inflammation, occasional pain, reduce scar tissue build up and more. Traditionally systemic enzymes have been used by athletes to help them recover, elderly wanting to reduce the effects from arthritis, people suffering from autoimmune issues and the list goes on.
Systemic Enzyme Therapy may help to reduce the scar tissue that are blocking your fallopian tubes. Specific systemic enzymes help to eat away and reduce fibrin (the material that makes up scar tissue) over time. This type of therapy is extremely promising for helping the body to reduce excessive scar tissue formation and inflammation.

3. Abdominal or Fertility Massage

Massage is another natural therapy that could help support fallopian tube health. Massage helps to increase circulation and break up adhesions. Massage provides a great non-intrusive option for women with blocked fallopian tubes.
There are four options for massage when it comes to supporting fallopian tube health. You can find a massage therapist who specializes in abdominal massage (or better yet visit Clear Passages for specialized fallopian tube treatment), book a consultation with a Mercier Therapy or Mayan Abdominal Practitioner, or you can learn how to apply Self Fertility Massage™ at home.
Benefits of Massage for Fallopian Tube Health:
·         Helps the body to clear blocked fallopian tubes*
·         Massage helps to break up scar tissue*
·         Increased circulation aids in tissue elimination*
·         Helps to reduce inflammation*
·         Helps the body to loosen tight or twisted tissues*
·         Self Fertility Massage™ http://natural-fertility-info.com/fertility-massage
Self Fertility Massage is a series of massage techniques that are used to help support reproductive health, the menstrual cycle, and your fertility all from the comfort of your own home! This type of massage is easy to learn, perform and is cost effective!
·         One of the greatest benefits of massage is the ability to break up adhesions. Adhesions are comprised of scar tissue. These adhesions are what cause the fallopian tubes to become blocked, stuck together, stuck to other parts of the reproductive organs or other internal tissues of the body. Self Fertility Massage gently helps to break up adhesions and increase circulation to detoxify and restore optimal function to the reproductive organs, including the fallopian tubes. Massage provides a great non-intrusive option for women with blocked fallopian tubes.

Blocked Fallopian Tubes

One of the greatest benefits of massage is the ability to break up adhesions. Self Fertility Massage™ gently helps to break up adhesions while helping the body to get rid of the remaining tissues. The techniques used in Self Fertility Massage include massaging the fallopian tubes in addition to the uterus and ovaries. Massage provides a great non-intrusive option for women with blocked fallopian tubes.

 

You can perform this therapy on your own:
·         Lie down on an exercise mat with your face upwards and a pillow below your lower back.
·         Relax and apply almond, olive, or lavender oil on your hands and massage over your pubic bone, as the uterus lies below this bone.
·         Massage gently lower and lower and pull your abdominal wall towards the navel. Holding this position, count to 10 and release your hands. Repeat this maneuver 10 to 20 times.
·         Remember that you will get best results if you do this between menstruation and ovulation..Do not do this if you are menstruating or pregnant. Also if possible, visit a massage therapist specializing in abdominal massage for better results.

 

Cautions

·         Do not do Self Fertility Massage™ while you are menstruating.
·         Do not do Self Fertility Massage™ if you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant.
·         If you are currently trying to conceive, do fertility massage from the last day of your period until ovulation.
·         Discontinue Self Fertility Massage™ once you find out you are pregnant.
·         If you have health issues consult with your physician before beginning Self Fertility Massage.
About the Self Fertility Massage DVD http://www.naturalfertilityshop.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=sfm
The Self Fertility Massage™ DVD shows you step-by-step how to perform fertility massage therapy on your own body, in the privacy of your own home. Certified Massage Therapist and Master Herbalist, Hethir Rodriguez, teaches you how to use specific self massage therapy techniques to improve your fertility.
This DVD includes:
·         An overview of Reproductive Anatomy
·         Detailed instructions on Self Fertility Massage Techniques
·         Castor Oil Pack Instructions
·         A Reflexology Session
·         Quick Recap, which is a quick reference for daily use
Clear Passages Therapy (MOST DOCTORS SAY THAT THIS IS A HOAX) http://blog.drmalpani.com/2006/01/clear-passage-therapy-taking-infertile.html

Clear Passages uses hands-on physical therapy techniques known as the Wurn Technique to unblock fallopian tubes. This technique is done without the use of drugs or surgery. There are many studies proving success of this technique for naturally unblocking the fallopian tubes. They have clinics in 7 locations in the United States and 2 in the UK. Women from all over the world travel to be treated in their clinics.
According to a study published in Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine (2008), the Wurn Technique had a 61% success rate in opening blocked fallopian tubes that were totally blocked. The results of this therapy lasts many years in most cases, as compared to surgical procedures which usually regrow scar tissue and cause the fallopian tube/s to become blocked once again in approximately 6 months of the surgical procedure.
Clear Passages has success with their techniques in opening blocked fallopian tubes in women with…
·         Two completely blocked fallopian tubes
·         One blocked fallopian tube, one tube previously removed
·         Hydrosalpinx (fluid filled tube)
·         Distal end blockage (distal tubal occlusion, end near ovary)
Contact them to ask about the cost of an individualized session based on your health history.
Herbs for Fallopian Tube Health:
Women Best Friend is a supplement that delivers much more of the above. It contains herbs that have been proven to help boost fertility. Below are the herbs it contains. I will like if you research each of these herbs (just Google women best friend or buy from AMAZON).It contains all the following herbs
Goldenseal root (Hydrastis canadensis): This herb is extremely antibiotic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It works to heal any infection in the reproductive system, while also reducing pain and inflammation from foreign tissue growth. Reduction in inflammation may help to prevent scar tissue and adhesion. Goldenseal may help to protect the fallopian tubes from damage due to an infection. Also supports health of mucous membranes.
Ginger Root (Zingiber officinalis): A wonderful herb used to increase circulation and promote blood flow to the reproductive organs. The increased circulation also helps to reduce inflammation of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.
Dong Quai root (Angelica sinensis): One of the best herbs for promoting circulation to the reproductive organs. Dong Quai acts on the circulatory system and lymphatic system reducing tissue congestion. It has both pain reducing and anti-inflammatory properties.
Hawthorn (Crataegus officinale): Works to reduce abdominal congestion. Hawthorn is extremely high in antioxidants, improves the integrity of blood vessel wall, aids the body in proper oxygen use and improves blood flow.
Peony Root (Paeonia officinalis): Peony has been found to aid in increasing progesterone levels, lower testosterone and balance estrogen. Overall this herb has excellent hormone balancing support. It also aids in pain reduction and relaxation.
Wild Yam root (Dioscorea villosa): Helps to promote normal hormone levels and overall balance within the reproductive system.
Uva Ursi (Arctostaphylos uva ursi): One of the best herbs to reduce fluid retention and congestion. This herb has been shown to be effective for combating vaginitis, due to its antimicrobial activity. Uva Ursi aids the body in removal of excess fluids for proper daily detoxification.

CONTACT QARI HAYAT MOBILE +919717068694 NOIDA,UP,INDIA. For fertility cleaning herbs.

Consider homeopathy. 

This holistic science cures effectively with minimum or no side effects. Many remedies in the homeopathy pharmacopeia are helpful in the treatment of blocked tubes and infertility. Some of the remedies you may use are as follows:
·         Pulsatilla nigricans: It is indicated for fallopian blockages with menstrual irregularities and mood swings. Pulsatilla 30 taken twice a day for 2-3 months could help regulate your menstrual cycle and remove fallopian blocks.
·         Sepia: It is a homeopathic remedy indicated for menstrual irregularities, painful menses, pain in the vagina with a bearing down feeling, and repeated miscarriages due to fallopian blockages. Sepia 30 thrice a day for 2-3 months should help relieve your symptoms.
·         Thyroidinum: If you have thyroid disorders along with fallopian blocks, or lethargy with sluggishness and tendency to gain weight, thyroidinum 30 twice a day could help you considerably.
·         Natrum Muriaticum: It helps women who have recurrent headaches, especially after exposure to sunlight, and a craving for salty and sour food items. Fallopian tube blocks with delayed menses, bloating of abdomen with gas, and headaches are an indication for natrum muriaticum. Take 200 twice a day for 2- 3 months.
  • taken daily for a couple of months to cleanse the Uterus and Fallopian Tubes from debris. Talk to a homeopathic practitioner for more information.
  • Repairing Scar Formation
  • There is a homeopathic remedy that helps reduce the damage and the scarring. This remedy is called Thiosinaminum 6X and should be taken daily for 3-6 months. It has been quite effective in many cases.
  • - See more at: http://www.natural-health-for-fertility.com/blocked-fallopian-tubes.html#sthash.uXJmtSpa.dpuf


The fallopian tubes may be abnormal in structure or function. If they are blocked, the egg cannot move from the ovary to the uterus. Causes of fallopian tube problems include previous infections (such as pelvic inflammatory disease), endometriosis, a ruptured appendix, and surgery in the pelvis. A mislocated (ectopic) pregnancy in the fallopian tubes can also cause damage. Structural disorders can block the fallopian tubes. These disorders include birth defects of the uterus and fallopian tubes, fibroids in the uterus, and bands of scar tissue between normally unconnected structures (adhesions) in the uterus or pelvis.
Diagnosis and Treatment
To determine whether the fallopian tubes are blocked, doctors can use hysterosalpingography. In this procedure, x-rays are taken after a radiopaque dye is injected through the cervix. The dye outlines the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes. This procedure is performed shortly after a woman's menstrual period ends. This procedure can detect structural disorders that can block the fallopian tubes. However, in about 15% of cases, hysterosalpingography indicates that the fallopian tubes are blocked when they are not--called a false-positive result. After hysterosalpingography with normal results, fertility appears to be slightly improved, possibly because the procedure temporarily widens (dilates) the tubes or clears the tubes of mucus. Therefore, doctors may wait to see if a woman becomes pregnant after this procedure before additional tests of fallopian tube function are performed.
Another procedure (called sonohysterography) is sometimes used to determine whether the fallopian tubes are blocked. A salt (saline) solution is injected into the interior of the uterus through the cervix during ultrasonography so that the interior is distended and abnormalities can be seen. If the solution flows into the fallopian tubes, the tubes are not blocked. This procedure is quick and does not require an anesthetic. It is considered safer than hysterosalpingography because it does not require radiation or injection of a dye. However, it is not as accurate.
If an abnormality within the uterus is detected, doctors examine the uterus with a viewing tube called a hysteroscope, which is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. If adhesions, a polyp, or a small fibroid is detected, the hysteroscope may be used to dislodge or remove the abnormal tissue, increasing the chances that the woman will become pregnant.
If evidence suggests that the fallopian tubes are blocked or that a woman may have endometriosis, a small viewing tube called a laparoscope is inserted in the pelvic cavity through a small incision just below the navel. Usually, a general anesthetic is used. This procedure enables doctors to directly view the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The laparoscope may also be used to dislodge or remove abnormal tissue in the pelvis.
Treatment depends on the cause. Surgery can be performed to repair a damaged fallopian tube caused by an ectopic pregnancy or an infection. However, after such surgery, the chances of a normal pregnancy are small, and those of an ectopic pregnancy are great. Consequently, surgery is not often recommended. In vitro fertilization is recommended for most couples.

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Fallopian tube procedures for infertility
Surgery Overview
There are several types of surgery to correct blockages in the fallopian tubes. The specific type of surgery your doctor does will depend on the location and extent of the fallopian tube blockage.
See an illustration of the fallopian tubes.
Some tubal procedures can be done using microsurgical techniques, either  during open abdominal surgery or using laparoscopy through a small incision. The surgeon must have special training and expertise in microsurgery techniques and/or laparoscopy. This general overview describes the most common tubal procedures:
Tubal reanastomosis typically is used to reverse a tubal ligation or to repair a portion of the fallopian tube damaged by disease. This procedure usually is done during laparotomy. Subtypes of this procedure include:
Tubotubal reanastomosis. The blocked or diseased portion of the tube is removed. The two healthy ends of the tube are then joined.
Tubocornual anastomosis (or implantation). The blocked or diseased portion of the tube close to the uterus is removed. The healthy end of the tube is then attached to the uterus.
Salpingectomy, or removal of part of a fallopian tube, is done to improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) success when a tube has developed a buildup of fluid (hydrosalpinx). Hydrosalpinges make it half as likely that an IVF procedure will succeed.1 Salpingectomy is preferred over salpingostomy for treating hydrosalpinges prior to IVF.
Salpingostomy is done when the end of the fallopian tube is blocked by a buildup of fluid (hydrosalpinx). This procedure creates a new opening in the part of the tube closest to the ovary.
Fimbrioplasty may be done when the part of the tube closest to the ovary is partially or totally blocked. This procedure rebuilds the fringed ends of the fallopian tube.
For a tubal blockage next to the uterus (proximal occlusion), a nonsurgical procedure called selective tubal cannulation is the first treatment of choice. Using fluoroscopy or hysteroscopy to guide the instruments, a doctor inserts a catheter, or cannula, through the cervix and the uterus and into the fallopian tube.
What To Expect After Surgery
After open abdominal surgery, there usually is a 2- to 3-day hospital stay. Antibiotics may be given to prevent infection. A woman usually can return to work in 2 to 6 weeks, depending on the extent of surgery, the nature of her work, and her overall health and stamina.
After laparoscopic surgery, there is a brief hospital stay. A woman's return to daily activities can take a few days to a couple of weeks, depending on the type of procedure.
Why It Is Done
Fallopian tube surgery may be done if:
Hysterosalpingography shows blocked fallopian tubes.
A blocked fallopian tube has a buildup of fluid (hydrosalpinx).
You want to have a tubal ligation reversed.
How Well It Works
The success of a fallopian tube procedure depends in part on the location and extent of the blockage.
Clearing a blockage in the part of the tube closest to the uterus (proximal occlusion) is more likely to be successful. These blockages often are functional (such as a mucus plug) rather than structural (such as scarring or other obstruction). Up to 60% of women with proximal occlusion have been reported as having successful pregnancies after tubal surgery.2
From 20 to 30% of women with a blockage near the end of the fallopian tube have had successful pregnancies after tubal surgery.2
The amount of fallopian tube that remains after surgery is critical to the function of the tube. If a large part of the tube must be removed to eliminate blockage, the likelihood of pregnancy after surgery is reduced.
The success of a sterilization reversal is influenced by the tubal ligation method used, how recently the tubal ligation was performed, and the woman's age-related fertility.
Additional conditions that affect the success of surgery include whether the woman has scar tissue (adhesions) in her pelvis, whether she has other diseases in the pelvic area, and the surgeon's level of skill and experience.
Risks
Risks of fallopian tube surgery include:
Pelvic infection.
Scar tissue (adhesions) forming on the reproductive organs, causing them to bind to the abdominal wall or to other organs.
Increased risk of tubal (ectopic) pregnancy after surgery.
What To Think About
Some fallopian tube problems can be treated with more than one type of surgery or procedure. Ask your doctor for his or her success rates (birth of a healthy baby), as well as national success rates, for any procedure you are considering.
Hysterosalpingography may be performed 3 to 6 months after surgery to check whether the tubes have been opened.
If you do not become pregnant within 12 to 18 months following surgery, your doctor may do a laparoscopy to check the condition of your fallopian tubes.
When successful, a fallopian tube procedure can enable a woman to have more than one pregnancy without ongoing fertility treatment and repeated use of in vitro fertilization (IVF).2
http://my.webmd.com/hw/infertility_reproduction/hw203637.asp

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Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Causes, symptoms, treatment of blocked fallopian tubes
The fallopian tubes are the channels between the uterus and the ovaries.  Sometimes these tubes are to found to be blocked or at least one is blocked or there is scarring or other damage to the tube. This damage can lead to infertility. Around 20 to 25% of infertility is caused due to these factors. Tubal infertility can be caused due to pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). As an infection begins the body gets ready to attack. White blood cells and other fluids fill the tubes to fight the infection. If the body resistance is good it wins but in the bargain the fragile walls of the tube get scarred.
Due to this, the end of the tube towards the ovaries can get partially or  completely blocked and scarred tissues form on the outside of the tube. These circumstances can affect the functions of the ovaries and the fallopian tube and can lead to infertility. However if a PID is treated in the initial stages and controlled these damages will not occur.
Pelvic infections can also take place due to sexually transmitted infections like chlamydeous or gonorrhoea. Termination of pregnancy, miscarriage or difficulty at birth, intrauterine contraceptive methods could also contribute to PID. However the actual main cause of the infection is never known.
Thus if the fallopian tubes are not functioning right, they will not be able to carry the eggs from the ovary to the uterus. This malfunction will lead to more complications. The obvious damage being infertility. But there are several other disorders blocked fallopian tubes can cause. So if you have any inclination of some fault in your tubes do not take it lightly. Show it to a specialist. It could save you a big deal.

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 Fallopian Tube Anatomy
The fallopian tube is a narrow muscular organ arising from the uterus and  ending just next to the ovary. The inner tubal lining is rich in cilia, the microscopic hair-like projections that beat in waves and move the egg to the uterus.
The fallopian tube is about 10 cm (4 inches) long and consists of several segments. Starting from the uterus and proceeding toward the ovary, these are the:


Interstitial segment -- passes through the uterine muscle
Isthmic segment -- narrow muscular segment by the uterus
Ampullary segment -- wider middle segment
Infundibular segment -- funnel shaped segment near the ovary
Fimbrial segment -- ciliary lining facing the ovary
Tubal ligation procedures
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FALLOPIAN TUBES
The fallopian tubes play an important role in pregnancy or conception. This branch outs from either side of the body of the uterus and forms the passages through which the egg is conducted from the ovary into the uterus. The fallopian tubes are about 10 cm long & the outer end of each tube is funnel shaped, ending in long fringes called fimbriae. The fimbriae catch the mature egg and channel it down into the fallopian tube when it is released from the ovary. Fallopian tube itself is highly movable muscular structure capable of precisely coordinated movement. The egg & the sperm meet in the outer half of the fallopian tube, called the ampulla fertilization occurs here, after which the fertilized egg now called an embryo its way down the tube towards the uterus. The uterine end of the fallopian tube, called the isthmus, prevents the embryo from being released into the uterus until just the right time for implantation, which is about 4 to 7 days after ovulation. The tube is much more complex than a simple pipe, and the lining of the tube is folded and lined with microscopic hair like projection called cilia, whose beating pushes the egg and embryo along the tube, the tubal lining also produces a fluid that nourishes the egg and embryo during its sojourn in the tube.
Fallopian tube abnormalities account for between 25% and 50% of female  infertility. Damages to fallopian tubes usually occur through pelvic infection, often due to unknown causes. There are certain causes of pelvic infection.

; Sexually transmitted diseases
; Infection after childbirth, miscarriage, medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) or IUD (intrauterine device) insertion.
; Postoperative pelvic infection (e.g. surgery for perforated appendix, ovarian cysts)
; Severe endometriosis's
; Tuberculosis
Besides causing blocked tubes, any pelvic inflammatory disease can also produce bands of scar tissue, called adhesions, which can alter the functioning of the fallopian tubes. Pelvic tuberculosis is a fairy common cause of tubal damage in India. It is a silent disease, and most women suffering from pelvic tuberculosis are unaware of this fact. The tuberculosis bacteria reach the tubes from the lungs through the bloodstream & can cause irreparable tubal damage. There are also certain other abnormalities in which fallopian tubes get damaged but they are very minimal. These abnormalities can be treated successfully through unani herbal medications.
What is a fallopian tube ?
The fallopian tubes emerge from each side of the uterus and extend to the surface of the ovary. The ovarian end of each of the tubes is funnel-like which surrounds the ovary. The funnel-like end comprises many fine, delicate finger-like projections called "fimbriae". These fimbriae "capture" the egg as soon as it is released from the ovary. If this egg meets the sperms, it gets fertilized in the tube and the early stages of embryo development takes place in the Fallopian tube. The cells of the Falopian tube provide all the nutrition needed by the egg, the sperms and the embryos.
What can go wrong with a woman’s fallopian tube ?
Damage to the fimbriae can result in them not being able to "capture" the egg and direct it into the tube. Damage to the inner linings of the cells of the tube can prevent fertilization; development of the embryo and in some instances the movement of the embryo towards the uterus resulting in an "ectopic pregnancy". The tubes may be blocked because of a pelvic infection and this will prevent the sperm from fertilizing an egg. Endometriosis may also result in tubal blockage. The fallopian tubes are surgically severed and the ends sewn up to prevent pregnancy.
What tests can be done to determine whether a woman’s fallopian tubes are normal ?
Three types of tests are now available for evaluating the status of the fallopian tubes. These are :
Hysterosalpingography: A radio-opaque dye is injected into the uterus through the vagina and then X-rays are taken. If the tube is not blocked then the dye can be seen emerging /spilling out of the fallopian tube. If no dye emerges out of the tube then one can conclude that it is blocked.
Hysterosonosalpingography: Where large amounts of fluid is injected into the uterus through the vagina. If the tubes are not blocked then this fluid emerges out of the fimbrial end of the fallopian tubes. The entire procedure is performed under ultrasound guidance and the fluid that comes out can be seen ultra-sonographically.
Diagnostic Laparoscopy: In this procedure, a fibre-optic telescope, a laparoscope, is inserted into the abdomen through the navel. With the laparoscope, the surgeon can directly visualise the status of the fallopian  tube. One can see the position of the fimbriae and also whether the tubes are open or blocked. Then a coloured dye such as methylene blue is injected through the vagina. If the tubes are open (patent) then the dye spills out of the fimbrial end of fallopian tube immediately. No dye will spill out of the fallopian tube if it is blocked. And if there is some damage to tube then the dye will spill out slowly.
Can abnormalities of the fallopian tube be corrected ?
 If the fallopian tube is blocked because of tubal ligation as in cases of tubal sterilisation then it can be surgically reversed. However, whenever the blockage of the tube is a result of pelvic infection then surgical correction may not be possible.