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Tuesday, July 26, 2011

EVAPORATOR EFFLUENT WATER TREATMENT


EFFLUENT WATER TREATMENThttp://www.thermoenergy.com/water-technologies/industrial-solutions/effluent-water-treatment.aspx

Advanced Industrial Wastewater Treatment Strategies

Industry today is coping with two water issues: quality and quantity.  In many arid areas of the United States, the Middle East, Asia and Australia, water shortages due to drought and rising demand have put pressure on industry to conserve and use less process water.  Industry has two water quality issues.  Intake water often has to be purer than the water used for drinking and bathing.  In addition, discharges of process water in industrial treatmentsystems to streams, rivers, estuaries, and lakes require rigorous effluent treatment to reduce contamination of these water bodies.

Traditional Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Historically, water and wastewater treatment plants have used a a variety of strategies to remove contamination from their influent and effluent waters so that it can be either used as process water or discharged to the sanitary sewer.  Among the technologies that can be used for water and waste water treatment are ion exchange, reverse osmosis, filtration, flocculation, oil-water separators or biological treatments.  Most industrial plants that require high quality water have separate water and wastewater treatment systems with the influent water used in the plant and then sent as used process water to wastewater treatment plants.  The plant must then make a significant investment in separate water and wastewater treatment systems.

The Changing Economics of Process Water Use and Disposal

Today, the economics for industrial wastewater treatment and water treatment are changing because of water shortages, rising commodity prices and a higher degree of water and waste water treatment. Current average national prices are increasing more than the rate of inflation for water purchase and wastewater disposal.  Nationwide average wastewater disposal rates have increased by 12.1% from 2002-2004.  Historically, wastewater rates had risen 2-4% above the CPI from 1986 to 2002.  However, among industrial and commercial groups there are widely different wastewater discharge rates based on surcharges for carbon oxygen demand, solids content, flow of their wastewater and degree of effluent treatment.  Among the industry groups with the highest wastewater discharge rates are specialty food manufacturing, drum and barrel manufacturing, inorganic chemicals manufacturing, and paint manufacturing and others that use metals or solvents in their process.  Water purchase prices are also increasing faster than the CPI.
Rising costs for water, wastewater disposal and rising commodity prices have many corporations rethinking their water and waste water treatment strategies looking to reduce costs.  Instead of only considering environmental regulations in their decision making, companies are now looking at other factors in their waste water treatment capital investment models including:
  1. Economic value of the commodities discharged in wastewater
  2. Permit costs
  3. Purchase costs for process water
  4. Disposal Costs for wastewater
  5. Waste Disposal costs
  6. Costs of wastewater treatment systems
By considering all of these factors, one question arises-why can't we recover our process chemistry and our water from our effluent treatment and reuse these valuable resources in our plant to reduce our costs?

Advanced Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Recovery and reuse of process water in industrial treatment systems requires a new technological strategy based on the separation of process water from the process chemistry. These advanced industrial wastewater treatment system combine traditional off-the-shelf technologies such as membranes, reverse osmosis, micro- and ultrafiltration with newer systems that allow recovery of water and process chemistries at a standard of quality that can be reused or recycled back into your process.

ThermoEnergy's Resource and Recovery Technology

ThermoEnergy's product line is based on its proprietary Controlled Atmosphere Separation Technology (CAST).  This highly adaptable technology is combined with other traditional off-the shelf technologies such as ion exchange, carbon absorption etc. to provide a unique, efficient and cost effective treatment system that can recover at sufficient purity water, contaminates and feed stocks so that they can be reused or recycled.
The CAST technology adjusts temperature and pressure in a continuous flow system so that water or chemicals can be extracted based on their chemical and physical properties.  This technology has two configurations, the CAST system that extracts water from the waste materials such as in a metal finishing plant and the RCAST system that extracts volatile compounds from water such as  solvents from industrial wastewater.  By using a vacuum, sensible heat, segregation of waste streams and the chemical properties of compounds used, the CAST technology can be designed for a specific process and can separate a wide variety of materials from metals to volatile organic compounds. 
The diagram below illustrates the CAST technology:
How to Become the Lowest Cost Manufacturer through your wastewater treatment system:
As an example of what resource and recovery system can do for your plant, a CASTion client installed seven years ago several CAST systems for their chrome and nickel plating operation as a part of its zero liquid discharge process.  The CAST wastewater treatment plants have reduced chrome purchases by 93% and nickel purchases by 65%.  Process water demand has been reduced by 95% and the plant does not discharge any water to the sanitary sewer.  In the last three years nickel and chrome prices have increased by 75%. 
Today, this client because it recovers its process chemistry has a competitive advantage over its competition allowing them to be the lowest cost manufacturer in their industry.
Contact Us to learn more about our innovative effluent water treatment.

Zero Liquid Discharge Wastewater Solution




Zero Liquid Dischargehttp://www.evaporator.com/index.php?page=zero-liquid-discharge

Zero Liquid Discharge Wastewater Solution
Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) describes a process that completely eliminates liquid discharge from a system. The goal of any well-designed ZLD system is to minimize the volume of wastewater that requires treatment, process wastewater in an economically feasible manner, while also producing a clean stream suitable for reuse elsewhere in the facility. Interest in ZLD technology has grown in the industrial manufacturing sector over the past decade. Companies may begin to explore ZLD because of ever tightening wastewater disposal regulations, company mandated green initiatives, public perception of industrial impact on the environment, or concern over the quality and quantity of the water supply.
The equipment needed to achieve ZLD varies depending on the characteristics of the wastewater as well as the wastewater volume. Typical waste streams in an industrial setting include wastewater treatment reject typically from reverse osmosis (RO) or ion exchange, cooling tower blow down, spent coolants, DI regenerant, metal finishing wastewaters, tank or equipment washing wastewaters, and other miscellaneous industrial wastewaters such as compressor condensate and floor scrubber wash waters. The first step to achieving ZLD is to look for ways to limit the amount of wastewater that needs to be treated. Reducing the amount of wastewater almost always provides quick payback. For example, pre treating the water going to a cooling tower to reduce hardness and silica can increase the amount of time the water can be used before it becomes spent.
Once wastewater generation is minimized and the volume of wastewater that needs to be treated is known, you can then explore what equipment is needed. A traditional approach to ZLD is to use some sort of filtration technology, funnel the reject waters to an evaporator, and send the evaporator concentrate to a crystallizer or spray dryer. The downside to this is that the equipment to dewater the concentrate slurry tends to be very large and can be extremely expensive, which limits the cost effectiveness to only those with very large waste streams. The ENCON approach is unique because it uses cost effective, time-tested equipment that make it ZLD economically feasible for even moderately sized waste streams.
At the core of the ENCON ZLD solution is evaporation technology. Evaporation always figures prominently in most ZLD solutions because it has always been more "hands off" than other wastewater treatment methodologies resulting in a dramatically lower labor cost. Evaporation technology can handle a much wider range of waste streams compared to membranes and traditional physical / chemical treatment methodologies. Finally, evaporation does a much better job of concentrating waste streams compared to other methods, thereby yielding a lower cost for disposal.
Two types of evaporation technology are used in the ENCON ZLD solution. First, at a typical operating cost $0.01 - $0.02 per gallon of distillate, the ENCON Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) Evaporator is also very energy efficient and yields a high quality distillate. Models are available that can process 40 to 4,000 gallons of distillate per hour. More information on the ENCON MVC evaporator can be found here in our Mechanical Vapor Compression section. Second, the ENCON Thermal Evaporator can be used with a variety of heat sources, such as natural gas, propane, #2 fuel oil, waste oil, steam, and electricity. Capacities range from 8 to 400 gallons per hour. More information on ENCON Thermal Evaporators can be found here in our thermal evaporator system section.
Please refer to the flow chart diagram to the right for a typical layout for ENCON's ZLD solution. Wastewater is fed to the ENCON MVC Evaporator followed by dewatering of the MVC concentrate by an ENCON Thermal Evaporator and a plate & frame filter press.
In the first stage, an MVC Evaporator is fed the wastewater and it yields distilled water and concentrate. The concentrate goes to a concentrate storage tank, which separates into slurry and supernatant layers. The supernatant layer gets pumped to an ENCON Thermal Evaporator, which further concentrates the liquid while exhausting water vapor to atmosphere. The concentrated slurry from the thermal evaporator is pumped back into the concentrate storage tank. The slurry layer from the tank is pumped into a thickener tank that is then pumped into a filter press. The filter press solids are dumped into a sludge disposal trough with filtrate going back to the concentrate tank.
A key feature of the ENCON approach to Zero Liquid Discharge is that it is can be implemented in stages over time. For example, a company may choose to install an ENCON MVC Evaporator to minimize their wastewater hauling expenses. A year or so later, they find that feeding a ENCON Thermal Evaporator from the MVC's concentrate holding tank to further reduce the volume of liquid waste makes financial and environmental sense. When the company finally decides to become a Zero Liquid Discharge facility, it is a simple matter of adding a filter press and accessories to the current wastewater process.

Monday, July 25, 2011

BHOOT JOLOKIYA

LONDON: The hottest Indian chilli 'Bhut Jolokia' will be available
across Britain this week, giving buyers a taste of hottest pepper in
the world.

Tesco says they are stocking the fiery food because of Britain's
current love affair with spicy stuff and hot chilli peppers in
general.

The Bhut Jolokia is an interspecific hybrid from the Assam region of
northeastern India and parts of neighbouring Bangladesh. It grows in
the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.

Bhut Jolokia scores a fearsome 1,001,304 points on the Scoville scale
that measures peppers' heat. The average jalapeno comes in at about
10,000.

"All I can say is that it is not for the faint-hearted or anyone with
a respiratory condition. It is an incredible sensation as the heat
continues to build for a good 30 second" a buyer was quoted, as saying
by The Daily Mail.

This extreme spice is used by the Indian security agencies to disperse
mobs and protesters.

The Bhut Jolokia as well as most of Tesco's other chillis are grown in
Blunham, Bedfordshire, by the UK's largest chilli grower, Salvatore
Genovese, who produces an incredible 150,000 chillis each day. (ANI)
--
http://www.saleemindia.blogspot.com

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Biogas from Waste Landfill Site to Power Brazilian Refinery - Waste Management World


 
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Biogas from Waste Landfill Site to Power Brazilian Refinery - Waste Management World

From Newport Beach, California based energy company, FirmGreen, Inc. has made the first international shipment of its biogas cleaning equipment to the Novo Gramacho Landfill near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


The Novo Gramacho landfill where the project is located has also been depicted in a documentary nominated for a 2011 Academy Awards - Waste Land.
In 2010, FirmGreen negotiated an agreement with Brazil's G?s Verde, S.A., which is the project developer and the plant's owner-operator, to turn Waste Land's 'dirty gas,' a natural by-product of decomposing waste, into clean usable gas using the company's proprietary technology.
The company claims that the resulting biogas is an environmental-friendly, highly useful fuel with the energy equivalent of natural gas.
Petrobras, the largest company in Latin America by market capitalisation and revenue, will use the biogas to generate over 10% of the thermal energy needed to run its Duque de Caxias Refinery.
The company claims that using the U.S. government's EPA LMOP calculator the Novo Gramacho Anaerobic Digestion Plant will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 1.4 million metric toness, annually..
To fabricate the specialised gas cleaning equipment required for the project, FirmGreen contracted with Dublin, Ohio based Guild Associates. Guild employees are also helping start-up Gs Verde's Biogas Plant. Brazilian contractors are manufacturing some of the project's components and will take a lead role in the plant's installation.
FirmGreen's CEO, Steve Wilburn, commented, "Our world continues to face significant economic challenges, yet this project demonstrates how bi-cultural teamwork can generate hundreds of jobs, in this case throughout six U.S. states-Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, California, Michigan, and Texas-as well as Brazil."

The Novo Gramacho Biogas project is slated to begin commercial operations later this year.
 

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£10 million Anaerobic Digestion Loan Fund (ADLF) Announced in UK

Cautious response to £10m AD fund
By Steve Eminton (7 July 2011)

Recycling minister Lord Henley today confirmed details of a £10 million Anaerobic Digestion Loan Fund (ADLF) for new AD plants in a speech to the conference at UK AD & Biogas 2011, being held in Birmingham.
(Picture, courtesy: Biogen Greenfinch)

But, the announcement met with a strong response from the Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association which accused ministers of failing to direct councils in the direction of AD.

The Fund will be administered by WRAP - the Waste & Resources Action Programme - and will lend amounts ranging from £50,000 to £1 million to support the development of new AD capacity in England in conjunction with investment from the private sector. It aims to support 300,000 tonnes of annual capacity to divert food waste from landfill by 2015.

Delegates to the conference and exhibition, which is organised by the Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association (ADBA), were broadly positive about the funds. But, some had reservations, especially in terms of finance and local authority commitment.

In his opening speech on Wednesday (July 6) to the conference, Lord Redesdale, chairman of ADBA, had highlighted the importance of securing feedstock.

Responding today to Lord Henley's announcement, ADBA chief executive Charlotte Morton said: "This fund is welcome news for the industry, and will support projects which will make a real difference in starting to build up the UK's anaerobic digestion capacity.
Barrier

"However, it represents only a small part of the investment which is needed to take AD to the point where it is really delivering for the UK's strategic objectives – and raising finance remains the biggest barrier for projects.

"Meeting the UK's 2020 commitments on landfill diversion and renewable energy require high investment in new capacity over the next few years. That simply isn't happening while investors are being put off by mixed messages from government, and while they remain unwilling to direct local authorities to take a course they have already said realises the most benefit.

She added: "The Government needs to build on this announcement by grasping the nettle to encourage wider private finance into the market. This doesn't require more money from the taxpayer – simply clear statements that organic waste feedstock should be source segregated and prioritised for AD."
Viability

Two delegates from the financial sector told letsrecycle.com that, despite the grant, there would still be concerns about the viability of AD plants taking in waste from the household stream.

One said: "Projects dealing with farm waste and commercial waste have a more secure feedstock. There are a lot of uncertainties in dealing with waste and even more when comparisons are made to investing in other renewable energy projects, such as wind power."

Another added: "Some people in the AD sector seem to expect banks just to jump in and take a risk which we just can't do."

And, delegates to the conference also heard a warning from a top local government officer  about the uncertainties that currently exist among local authorities.

Read the full story at the Let's Recycle website.
 

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SEX & The CITY : some facts and figures--- Premature Ejaculation in men and penis size-



SEX & The CITY : some facts and figures--- Premature Ejaculation in men and penis size-
These data are Indian City / Town specific
1.Indian Sex frequancy : Two times in a week in an average
2.Indian Penis Size: Four Inches in an average
3.Indian sex duration : Three to Five minutes for discharge inside vagina on an average.
Source:The Times Of India News Reports  and other Health Sites

The researchers behind the report say premature ejaculation is a natural occurrence, especially among younger men, and that those affected can learn to control their response to stimulation themselves without recourse to any drugs or therapies.
They also point out that false assumptions about sexual intercourse aren't helping to dispel the idea that premature ejaculation is an illness to be treated.
"It is important for men to understand that in premature ejaculation the physiology of ejaculation and orgasm is not impaired, and that it is normal in adolescent males especially during their first sexual encounters," said report co-author Vincenzo Puppo. "Teens and men can understand their sexual response during masturbation and learn ejaculatory control without drug therapy."
The review goes on to say that penile-vaginal intercourse isn't important for a woman's orgasm, so in that respect it doesn't matter how long the sex lasts.
"In all women, orgasm is always possible if the female erectile organs are effectively stimulated during masturbation, cunnilingus, or partner masturbation, before and after male ejaculation, or during vaginal intercourse if the clitoris is simply stimulated with a finger," explains the report's other author, and Vincenzo's daughter, Giulia Puppo.
As many as one in three men may experience premature ejaculation during sex, though reliable statistics are hard to come by, and that means the report is likely to generate a lot of interest – especially one that says pills and surgery aren't necessary to help men last longer in bed.
According to Puppo and Puppo, couples shouldn't be embarrassed about premature ejaculation and can find natural ways around it, and those experiencing their first sexual encounters might find that idea more reassuring than most.
"Urologists, sexologists, and sexual medicine experts must acknowledge that PE is really normal in adolescent males, especially during their first sexual encounters," says the report, which has been published in the journal Clinical Anatomy.
http://www.sciencealert.com/premature-ejaculation-isn-t-an-illness-and-shouldn-t-be-treated-study-suggests
6 amazing health benefits of sex in a loving relationship
Majority of relationship therapists will tell you that not having sex with your partner frequently enough (at least twice a week) will make either or both of you unhappy, frustrated, depressed. Research shows people who have intercourse (not masturbation) at least once or twice a week are better placed to live longer due to the companionship, happiness and pleasure they both bring.
One passionate sex session and all your problems are gone.

1.      Sex helps your heart: Having sex at least twice a week will heavily reduce your chances of having a heart attack and helps maintain a healthy heart.

2.     Sex relieves stress and tension: This is because the feel good hormones – endorphins and oxytocin – are released during sex.

3.     Sex relieves pain: Studies show that after you orgasm, the hormones released will actually help stop your pain; headaches or any other body pains.

4.     Sex makes you feel and look great: The more sex you have the more hormones like testosterone and estrogen are released into the body and this helps keep your body looking young and fresh. If you want softer skin and shiny hair, then estrogen is your answer.

5.     Sex helps you sleep better : A relaxed sex session, which results in an orgasm, will release the hormone prolactin. This is the hormone that is heavily linked to a good night sleep.

6.     Sex fights disease: People who have frequent sex have a higher level of an antibody called immunoglobulin A (IgA). According to research, these antibodies help combat diseases 


7.       SOURCE OF THE ARTICLLE : https://tuko.co.ke/149926-health-benefits-of-sex-6-ways-that-sex-in-a-loving-relationship-can-amazingly-improve-your-health.html

Sunday, July 17, 2011

premature ejaculation and size of penis


Most men are only FOUR inches long in INDIA.
And most men in India discharges within 3-5 minutes of entering her vagina, so dont worry men, ur perfectly alrite
The researchers behind the report say premature ejaculation is a natural occurrence, especially among younger men, and that those affected can learn to control their response to stimulation themselves without recourse to any drugs or therapies.
They also point out that false assumptions about sexual intercourse aren't helping to dispel the idea that premature ejaculation is an illness to be treated.
"It is important for men to understand that in premature ejaculation the physiology of ejaculation and orgasm is not impaired, and that it is normal in adolescent males especially during their first sexual encounters," said report co-author Vincenzo Puppo. "Teens and men can understand their sexual response during masturbation and learn ejaculatory control without drug therapy."
The review goes on to say that penile-vaginal intercourse isn't important for a woman's orgasm, so in that respect it doesn't matter how long the sex lasts.
"In all women, orgasm is always possible if the female erectile organs are effectively stimulated during masturbation, cunnilingus, or partner masturbation, before and after male ejaculation, or during vaginal intercourse if the clitoris is simply stimulated with a finger," explains the report's other author, and Vincenzo's daughter, Giulia Puppo.
As many as one in three men may experience premature ejaculation during sex, though reliable statistics are hard to come by, and that means the report is likely to generate a lot of interest – especially one that says pills and surgery aren't necessary to help men last longer in bed.
According to Puppo and Puppo, couples shouldn't be embarrassed about premature ejaculation and can find natural ways around it, and those experiencing their first sexual encounters might find that idea more reassuring than most.
"Urologists, sexologists, and sexual medicine experts must acknowledge that PE is really normal in adolescent males, especially during their first sexual encounters," says the report, which has been published in the journal Clinical Anatomy.

http://www.sciencealert.com/premature-ejaculation-isn-t-an-illness-and-shouldn-t-be-treated-study-suggests

6 amazing health benefits of sex in a loving relationship
Majority of relationship therapists will tell you that not having sex with your partner frequently enough (at least twice a week) will make either or both of you unhappy, frustrated, depressed. Research shows people who have intercourse (not masturbation) at least once or twice a week are better placed to live longer due to the companionship, happiness and pleasure they both bring.
One passionate sex session and all your problems are gone.

1.      Sex helps your heart: Having sex at least twice a week will heavily reduce your chances of having a heart attack and helps maintain a healthy heart.

2.     Sex relieves stress and tension: This is because the feel good hormones – endorphins and oxytocin – are released during sex.

3.     Sex relieves pain: Studies show that after you orgasm, the hormones released will actually help stop your pain; headaches or any other body pains.

4.     Sex makes you feel and look great: The more sex you have the more hormones like testosterone and estrogen are released into the body and this helps keep your body looking young and fresh. If you want softer skin and shiny hair, then estrogen is your answer.

5.     Sex helps you sleep better : A relaxed sex session, which results in an orgasm, will release the hormone prolactin. This is the hormone that is heavily linked to a good night sleep.

6.     Sex fights disease: People who have frequent sex have a higher level of an antibody called immunoglobulin A (IgA). According to research, these antibodies help combat diseases 


7.       SOURCE OF THE ARTICLLE : https://tuko.co.ke/149926-health-benefits-of-sex-6-ways-that-sex-in-a-loving-relationship-can-amazingly-improve-your-health.html

Friday, July 08, 2011

8 Apps to Chat with Random Strangers


http://web.appstorm.net/roundups/communication-roundups/8-apps-to-chat-with-random-strangers/

8 Apps to Chat with Random Strangers

Justin Stravarius on March 24th 2010
1.

Chatroulette

2.

Tinychat Next

3.

Omegle

4.

6 Rounds

5.

Anybody Out There

6.

Camstumble

7.

Shuffle People

8.

Random Dorm

.Of all the web apps that have discussed above, Random Dorm is the one that could have a positive purpose. It could connect great minds leading to awesome innovations (highly unlikely) or at the very least it could help students to hook up across campuses. None of the sites are moderated and there have been hundreds of blog posts complaining about rampant, unsolicited nudity & perversion in these random chat sites. If you are a parent with underage kids, we strongly advice you to add these sites to the parental control filters.

10.