Saturday, September 06, 2008

hajj made easy

Hajj Made Easy

















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Click here for the step by step performance of Umrah and Hajj in a still more simple form. For a

detailed account, read the following description.




Some people think that the performance of Hajj and Umrah is very complicated.

Therefore, they don't make enough effort to learn to perform the essential rites correctly

and have to pay Dam (sacrifice of an animal) as a penalty. Then some people are put off

by the lengthy Dua'as in Arabic listed in the most books. To put these people at ease

from the very beginning, we start with the suggestion to use the simple Dua'as that they

already know. Then the procedure of Hajj and Umrah is presented in a simplified way.



There are no prescribed prayers for the Hajj rites, except Talbiyah which is very short

and can be memorized easily. It is:
















Allahumma Labbayk.


La shareeka laka.















( Here we come,

O Allah, here we come !

Here we come.

No partner have You.










Hajj Made Easy







Innal-hamda wan-n'imata

laka wal-mulk.

La shareeka lak."








Here we come!

Praise indeed, and blessings, are Yours---

the Kingdom too!

No partner have You!)

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If you still can't remember it, you can say its translation in English or in any other

language but Talbiah or its translation is pronounced in a loud voice by men and in a

subdued voice by women.

Regarding other du'as (supplications), consider yourself in front of your Creator and ask

Him whatever you want in life and the life hereafter in your own language. You can

praise Allah Almighty in short Arabic phrases or sentences, such as,

Allahu Akbar,

Subhan Allah,

Alhamdu Lillah,

Subhan Allah Wabe Hamde hi Subhan Allah hil Azim,

first Kalimah, etc.

Surah Fatihah "Alhamdu Lilla Hi Rab-Bil Aala Meen..." is a du'a which is recited in

every rakah of the salah. There are two very short du'as:

1. Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina


2. Allahumma antas salamu wa minkas salamu tabarakata ya dhaljalali wal


There is another du'a which is mostly recited in the salah:

Rabbij'alni muqimas salata wa min dhurriyyati Rabbana wa taqabbal du'a.

Rabbanaghfirli waliwalidaiyya wa lil mu'minina yawma yaqumul hisab.

Then there is a Darud Sharif in the salah, use that.

According to Muslim and Bukhari Sharif if you recite Surah Al-Ikhlas (given below)

three times, you get the reward (thawab) of reciting the whole Quran and you know in

Masjid al-Haraam this reward is increased 100,000 times. Subhan Allah!!

Bismillahir rahmannir rahim.

Qul hu wal lahu ahad.

Allahus samad.

Lam yalid wa lam yulad.

Wa lam ya kul lahu kufuwan ahad.

Here is another Surah called Al-Kafirun which, according to Tirmidi Sharif, if recited

four times fetches the reward of reciting the whole Quran:

Bismillahir rahmannir rahim.






Hajj Made Easy




Qul ya ayyuhal kafirun.

La a'budu ma ta'budun.

Wa la antum abiduna ma a'bud.

Wa la ana abidum ma abadtum.

Wa la antum abiduna ma a'bud.

La kum dinukum walia din.

During the two Nafls after wearing the two sheets of Ihram, some scholars have

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recommended to recite Surah Al-Kafirun in the first rakah after Alhamd and Surah Al-

Ikhlas in the second rakah after Alhamd. Then again when two Nafls are offered at

Maqam-e-Ibrahim after the seven circuits of Tawaf, it is a Sunnah to recite these two

Surahs in the same manner. But remember that reciting these two Surahs particularly is

not a Fard (imperative) or Wajib (compulsory).

Now I point out to you the smallest Surah in the Quran called Al-Kawthar which you

may already know, if not, it is easy to memorize because it has only three verses:

Bismillahir rahmannir rahim.

Inna a'tainakal kawthar.

Fa salli lirabbika wanhar.

Inna shani'aka huwal abtar.

These are some of the surahs and du'as that you already know, you can use them

repeatedly and for the rest of the time ask your Creator whatever you want in your own






The literal meaning of Ihram is to make haraam (forbidden). When a haji pronounces

the Niyyah (intention) of Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain halaal

(permissible) things become haraam for him. This combined action (Niyyah and

Talbiyah) is called Ihram. The two sheets that a haji wears are figuratively known as

Ihram but the real Ihram is Niyyah & Talbiyah. If someone wears these two sheets and

does not declare his intention and utter Talbiyah, he does not become a Muhrim. That is

why, before Niyyah and Talbiyah, he can cover his head during two rakahs of Nafl, an

act which is not allowed in the real state of Ihram.


1. Preparations for Ihram. Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your mustache,

cut your nails, and remove unwanted body hair.

2. Purification. Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise do wudu. Here it

is noted that there are two ways of purification:

Purification of the body, shower or wudu.

Internal purification, sincere repentance on your sins. Say something like

this: "O Allah, I sincerely repent on my sins and seek your forgiveness."

3. Ihram Sheets. Men should wear a sheet of white cloth around the waist and cover

the upper body with the other sheet. Women's ordinary clothes are their Ihram.








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Both should wear the flip-flops (hawai chappal) so that the middle bones of the

upper part of the feet are not covered.

4. Nafl Salah. If it is not makruh (undesirable) time, offer two rakahs of nafl for

Ihram by covering your heads.

5. Advice. If going to Jeddah by an airplane, it is convenient to get into the status of

Ihram inside the plane. Here is what you do. Do everything at home or at the

airport except Niyyah (intention) and Talbiyah. Have your shower, pray two

rakahs of nafl but you are still not in the status of ihram because you haven't done

the main thing yet, i.e., intention and Talbiyah which is done at or before the

boundary line called Miqat.

Go to the airplane and sit down with the white sheets on. In a Hajj flight when you

are close to Miqat, the pilot will announce that this is the border line to make your

intention and to say Talbiyah. Those who did not change their clothes before

should do so now although it is not convenient inside the plane. Please note that:

It is a good idea to ask at the time of boarding if the arrival of Miqat will be

announced by the pilot. If not, make your intention and say Talbiyah on

your own approximately one hour before you reach Jeddah.

If you are flying with a group, follow the instructions of the group leader.

6. Intention and Talbiyah. Now uncover your head and declare your intention. It is

assumed that you are performing Hajj al-Tammat'u in which Umrah is performed

first as described later in the "Kinds of Hajj".

"O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Please make it easy for me and

accept it from me. Amen."

Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and as often

afterwards as possible. Men should say it in a loud voice but women should say it

in a subdued tone.

7. Du'a. After this recite Darud Sharif and supplicate to Allah Almighty any du'a in

Arabic or in your own language.

8. Prohibitions of Ihram. After intention and Talbiyah, you are in the status of

Ihram and from this time on you should not do acts that are forbidden in Ihram ,

for example, here are some of the things a muhrim must not do:

Cover head (men), cover face (women)

Cover the middle bone of the upper part of the feet (Both men and women))

Shave / cut hair

Cut nails

Wear perfume

Wear stitched clothing (men) / (Women can wear their ordinay clothes)

Hunting / killing


9. Journey towards Makkah. When this sacred journey towards Makkah al-

Mukarrama starts, recite Talbiyah frequently on the way. Then enter the city very

humbly and with great fondness still reciting Talbiyah.

After arranging for your residence, proceed to the Haram Sharif to perform






Hajj Made Easy
























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There are three ways of performing the Hajj:

Hajj al-Tamatt'u (Interrupted)

This is the easiest way of performing Hajj as described below.

Hajj al-Qiran (Combined)

This denotes entering into ihram for both Umrah and Hajj at the same time, not

taking it off until the day of sacrifice at Mina.

In Qiran one has to stick to the long-lasting restrictions of Ihram

Hajj al-Ifrad (Single)

This means entering into ihram only for the Hajj and taking it off only on the day

of sacrifice.

Note :

1. All three kinds of Hajj are essentially the same except intention and duration of


2. However, in Hajj al-Tamatt'u and Hajj al-Qiran the sacrifice in Mina on 10 Zil-

Hijja is Wajib (essential) but in Hajj al-Ifrad it is only Mustahab (desirable).

3. An Afaqi person has the option to wear Ihram for any kind of Hajj but the

residents of Makkah and those living in Hil (the area from Miqat to Haram of

Makkah, such as Jeddah) are not allowed to perform Hajj al-Tammatt'u or Hajj al-


4. According to Hanafites, the most excellent kind of Hajj is Qiran, then Tammatt'u

and then Ifrad.

5. After Umrah for Hajj al-Tammatt'u one can perform more Umrahs before Hajj but

in case of Hajj al-Qiran one is not allowed to perform more Umrahs before Hajj.

And in case of Hajj al-Ifrad also no Umrah is permitted before Hajj.




People who come to Saudi Arabia from other countries

usually perform Hajj al-Tamatt'u. The Ihram they wear

on or before Miqat is for Umrah only and perform

Umrah first, then they slip into their ordinary clothes

and on 8 Zil Hijjah they put on Ihram for Hajj at their

residence in Makkah and perform the rites of Hajj. It is

taken off on the day of sacrifice. This article describes

the procedure to perform Hajj al-Tamatt'u.


















Hajj Made Easy





THE RITES OF UMRAH: The only rites of Umrah are:

Entering the state of Ihram

Tawaf of Ka'bah

Sa'yee between the hills of Safa and Marwah

Shaving or clipping of the hair


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1. Ihram: You should be already in Ihram for Umrah before entering Makkah as

mentioned above.

2. Entering Masjid al-Haraam: While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haraam

preferably through Bab

as-Salam with right foot first. Supplicate to Allah and proceed

towards Ka'bah. You may recite the following supplication which

is usually used before entering a mosque:

Allah huma aftah li abwabe rahmate ka


3. First Sight: At the first sight of Ka'bah, keep your eyes fixed at Baitullah and

standing at one side, it is suggested that you do the following:

Say Allahu Akbar three times

Say La Ilaha Illallah three times

Proclaim Darud on our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and very

humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate to Allah for whatever you

wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers.

The idea is to praise and glorify your Creator before proclaiming Darud and

supplications. Therefore, in lieu of Allahu Akbar and La Ilaha Illallah, you

may recite some other similar holy verses if you so desire.

After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaf of Ka'bah.


Tawaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka'bah seven

times with extreme love and devotion.

1. Preparation: Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and

put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as Iztaba.

Ablutions (vudu) is essential for tawaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you

reach Hajar-e- Aswad, the starting point of tawaf.

2. Niyyah (Intention): Stand in front of Ka'bah facing Hajar-e-Aswad (the Black

Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To

achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe

should be on your right side. Then without raising your hands make Niyyah

(intention) for Umrah:






Hajj Made Easy






" O Allah, I perform Tawaf of Umrah to please You. Make it easy for

me and accept it from me."

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3. Istilam: Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss it if

possible, or touch it with a stick and kiss the stick; if that also is not possible, raise

your hands to your ears keeping your open

palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say:

" Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd"

and drop your hands down. Now point the palms of your hands

again towards Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss them. This act of kissing

Hajar-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called Istilam.

4. Tawaf Starts: After Istilam, turn right and start tawaf counter clockwise.


The authorities often apply perfume to Hajar-e-Aswad, Rukn Yamani and

Multazam. If so, do not touch them while in the state of Ihram, otherwise a

dum will be required as a penalty.

During tawaf, it is not permissible to face or turn your back towards Ka'bah

except when you are kissing or pointing towards Hajar-e-Aswad.

5. Ramal: For the first three circuits of Tawaf of Umrah and Tawaf of Arrival, men

are required to move their shoulders and walk with quick short steps. This act is

called Ramal and is Sunnah. They walk normally during the remaining four


6. Supplications of Tawaf: There are no fixed supplications for tawaf but there are

several recommended supplications listed in the books of Hajj and Umrah out of

which the following supplication is easy to memorize:

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu

Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billah."

If you don't remember these words, you may glorify Allah by repeatedly uttering:

Subhan Allah,

Al-Hamdu lilla,

Allahu Akbar,

La Ilaha Illallah, etc.

The Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) has said that there are two kalimahs

that are light on tongue and (on the day of judgment) they weigh heavy on the

scale (Mizan) and are liked by Allah. These kalimahs are:

Subhan Allah Wabe Hamde hi Subhan Allah Hil Azeem (Bukhari,

Muslim, Tirmizi)

You may also use supplications used in the daily Salah or you may seek

forgiveness of Allah and ask Him whatever you wish in your own language.

7. Hatim: Hatim is a semi-circular half-built portion which was originally a part of






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the Ka'bah but which could not be included in the main structure when the Ka'bah

was rebuilt. It is obligatory to go around Hatim also while performing tawaf.

8. Rukn Yamani and its Supplications: After passing the three corners of the

Ka'bah you reach the fourth corner known as Rukn Yamani. Touch it with both

hands or with right hand. There is a beautiful supplication to be used while

walking between Rukn Yamani and Hajar-e-Aswad:

"Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa

qina azabin-nar."

Our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) has repeatedly recited this supplication.

The first circuit is complete when you reach Hajar-e-Aswad.

9. Seven Circuits: At Hajar-e-Aswad, start the second circuit by kissing it or

pointing towards it as you started the first circuit, i.e., come in front of Hajar-e-

Aswad, raise both hands to your ears with open palms towards it and say:

" Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamd

Now kiss both palms and drop your hands. After this go around Ka'bah as you did

before and similarly complete the seven circuits.

10. The End of Tawaf: At the end of seven circuits, do Istilam of Hajar-e- Aswad or

point towards it eighth time which is Sunnat Mu'akidah. Also say:

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

11. Iztaba Finished : Now Iztaba is finished, therefore, you cover your both

shoulders with upper portion of the Ihram sheet. This does not apply to women.

12. Multazam: Now, come to Multazam which is a place five or six feet in length

between Hajar-e-Aswad and the door of Ka'bah. This is a highly sacred place

where prayers are accepted. Among a large crowd of people, if it is possible to

reach Multazam, cling to it pressing your chest and cheeks, and while trembling

and crying with devotion and with all humility seek Allah's mercy, His blessings

and ask Him whatever you wish. If you are unable to come close to Multazam,

just face towards it and supplicate from a distance.

13. Maqam Ibrahim: Next offer two rakahs of nafls behind and close to Maqam

Ibrahim without covering

your head. If it is zawal time when sajdah is not allowed,

you have to wait till this undesirable time is passed and then

offer prayers.

In the niyyah (intention), say that you are offering 2 rakahs

of nafls wajib al- tawaf. Recite Qul ya ayya hal kafroon in

the first rakah and Qulhu wallah in the second rakah. After

this, supplicate to Allah in Arabic or in your own language.

Ask Him whatever you wish and invoke His blessings.

If it is not possible to offer this obligatory prayer near

Maqam Ibrahim, it can be offered anywhere in Mataf, or in






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Hatim or anywhere in Masjid al-Haraam or even at any

place in Haram of Makkah.

14. Zamzam: Now go to Zamzam well situated in the basement of the Haram about

200 feet from the Ka'bah's door. There are separate portions for men and women.

Zamzam is the best available water in the world. Drink this water to fill while in

standing position saying Bismillah. Then supplicate to Allah:

"Allahummah inni as'aluka ilm-an naafi'an wa rizqan waasi'an wa

shifa'am min kulli daa'in."

(O Allah! I implore Thee for beneficial knowledge, for vast

provisions, and for cure from every disease.)











1. One should be in the state of Ihram before starting Tawaf.

2. There are three conditions essential for Tawaf of Umrah and for all other kinds of

Tawaf as well, namely:

a. To be a Muslim

b. Niyyah (intention)

c. To perform Tawaf inside Masjid al-Haraam

Without niyyah, Tawaf is not valid. Tawaf can be performed in Mataf or on

different floors of Masjid al-Haraam or even on its roof.

3. While performing Tawaf, one should not look towards Ka'bah. One has to face

Ka'bah only when doing Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad.

4. After completing the seven circuits of Tawaf, if someone deliberately starts the

eighth circuit, it becomes obligatory (wajib) for him to complete the second

Tawaf by doing six more circuits.

5. Undesirable times for prayer are not considered undesirable for performing


6. If someone has to discontinue Tawaf because of time for prescribed prayer or

because a dead body is brought for a funeral prayer or need for fresh ablutions

arises, he can later resume Tawaf at the point where he discontinued.






















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Tawaf is finished but here is a checklist to make sure that no obligatory part is missed.

1. One should be free from the state of impurity and must have performed vudu

(ablutions). The women are not allowed to perform Tawaf during their monthly

period and during the impure state after childbirth.

2. One should be properly dressed. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) has said:

"Nobody should go around the Ka'bah in a naked state." (Bukhari)

3. To perform Tawaf on foot, performing Tawaf while riding is permissible only

when one is unable to do so on foot.

4. To start Tawaf from one's right side in the counter clockwise direction.

5. To complete seven circuits of Tawaf.

6. During Tawaf, to pass Hatim as well which is in fact a part of the Ka'bah.

7. To start Tawaf from Hajar-e-Aswad.

8. To offer two rakahs of nafls after each Tawaf. It is undesirable (Makrooh) to

combine two Tawafs together and not to offer two rakahs of nafls in between.

9. As Tawaf of Umrah is performed while in the state of Ihram, one has to observe

all the prohibitions associated with this state.









The literal meaning of Sa'ey is to run or to make effort, but as a Hajj and Umrah term,

Sa'ey denotes

walking back and forth seven times

between the hills of Safa and Marwah

which are situated to the south and north of

the Ka'bah respectively. Now there are only

signs of these hills and the whole route

between them is enclosed in a long gallery.

Sa'ey has a historical background. Prophet

Abraham left his wife Hazrat Hajra and

infant son Hazrat Ismael in the wilderness

of Makkah at the command of Allah. The

mother and son lived for five days on the






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food and water they had when the water

was completely finished. The mother ran

frantically seven times between the hills of

Safa and Marwah in









search of water for her son. Suddenly the fountain of Zamzam oozed miraculously near

the feet of Hazrat Ismael. Sa'ey is included in the rites of Hajj and Umrah to

commemorate this event of search and struggle.


1. Sa'ey is obligatory (wajib) after the conclusion of the Tawaf and not before it.

2. To be free from impurity is not obligatory (wajib) for Sa'ey, therefore, women

during their monthly period can perform Sa'ey although they are not allowed to

enter Masjid al-Haraam, offer Salat or perform Tawaf. They can enter the place of

Sa'ey from the outside entrance.

But it is a Sunnah to be free from all types of impurity and be in the state of

ablutions during Sa'ey.

3. Sa'ey has seven trips and all are obligatory (wajib). But according to Maulana

Khalil-ur-Rahman of Pakistan, the four trips are Fard and the remaining three are

obligatory (wajib). Just remember all seven trips have to be completed.

4. It is a Sunnah to start Sa'ey right after Tawaf but it is not obligatory (wajib).

Therefore, if Sa'ey is delayed for some reason, there is no penalty.

5. It is obligatory (wajib) to start Sa'ey from the hill of Safa and end at Marwah.

6. It is obligatory to perform Sa'ey on foot unless somebody has an excuse when it

can be performed by riding.

7. During the Sa'ey of Umrah, it is obligatory to be in the state of Ihram. One should

also be in Ihram for the Sa'ey performed after Tawaf of Arrival (Qudum), but it is

a Sunnah to perform the Sa'ey after Tawaf of Visit (Ziyarah) in ordinary clothes.

8. Sa'ey is performed only once during Hajj, either after Tawaf of Arrival (Qudum)

or Tawaf of Visit (Ziyrah). But it is better to perform Sa'ey after Tawaf of Visit.

9. It is a Sunnah to climb the hills of Safa and Marwah and raise hands for

supplication, facing the Ka'bah.

10. It is undesirable (Makrooh) to do business during Sa'ey, but one can talk if the

need arises.







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1. Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad. Before starting Sa'ey, do Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad

again the ninth time or point towards it, saying:

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamad."

Now Proceed towards Safa. It is a Sunnah to be in the state of ablutions during


2. Start of Sa'ey at Safa. Climb the hill of Safa and make intention (niyyah) for


" O Allah! I perform Sa'ey between Safa and Marwah to please You.

Make it easy for me

and accept it from me."

Now recite:

"Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwah min Sha'a'irillah."

(Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the Signs

of Allah.)

(Al-Qur'an 2 : 158)

After this climb Safa to the point from where you can see the Ka'bah, then facing

the Ka'bah raise your hands in supplication, say Allahu Akbar three times and

recite the following supplication or ask Allah whatever you wish:

"La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la Sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-

hamdu wa ala kulli shai'in Qadeer."

If you don't remember this, you may use the supplication recited earlier during


"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

3. Proceed towards Marwah. Come down from Safa and move towards Marwah

while reciting this supplication:

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu

Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billa."

If you don't remember this supplication also, recite Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah,

Allahu Akbar repeatedly and keep moving. You may also praise Allah and ask for

His mercy in your language or use supplications taken from the daily Salah. When

you reach two green pillars between which men have to run but the women walk

with their normal pace.

4. At Marwah. When on top of Marwah, praise Allah facing the Ka'bah and repeat

the same supplications that were recited at Safa. One trip is over, second trip will

end at Safa and third trip will end at Marwah.

5. End of Sa'ey. In the same way, the seventh trip will end at Marwah. In all trips

the men will run between the green pillars but the women will walk in a normal


6. Two raka'at Nafl. If it is not an undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two raka'ats of






Hajj Made Easy




nafl in the al-Haram.

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7. Shaving or clipping of hair. After Sa'ey, men should get their heads completely

shaved or get their hair clipped to the length of the upper third of their finger or a

little more. Both shaving and clipping are permissible for men, though shaving is

preferable. Women are, however, allowed to have a lock of their hair clipped.

They are forbidden to shave their heads.

8. Umrah is complete. After cutting the hair, umrah is complete. The restrictions of

Ihram are finished. Now wear your everyday clothes and lead a normal life. Be

thankful to Allah that He provided the opportunity for performing Umrah and lead

rest of your life according to the commands of your Creator.


You may perform Umrah as often as you want according to the above procedure. And if

you want to perform just a nafl Tawaf, follow the same procedure, however, in a nafl

Tawaf there is no Ihram, no Ramal, no Iztaba and even no Sa'ey.

















Red color is the symbol of Fard the performance of which is imperative

otherwise Hajj and Umrah will be invalid.

Orange color is the symbol of Wajib the performance of which is

obligatory otherwise Dam is required as a penalty.

Green color stand for Sunnah or Mustahab (desirable). Try to perform

these acts but no Dam is required if not done.

White color is a symbol indicating general instructions.





8 Zil Hijjah--First Day of Hajj



The date 8 Zil Hijjah starts after the Maghrib prayer of 7 Zil








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Hijjah. Complete all the Hajj preparations during these

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for Ihram










Nafl Salah












of Ihram




Departure to





In Mina

night hours.

Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your mustache, cut

your nails, and remove unwanted body hair.

Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise do wudu.

Men should wear a sheet of white cloth around the waist

and cover the upper body with the other sheet. Women's

ordinary clothes are their Ihram. Both should wear the flip-

flops (hawai chappal) so that the middle bones of the upper

part of the feet are not covered.

If it is not makruh (undesirable) time, men offer two rakahs

of nafl for Ihram in the Haram Sharif by covering their

heads. Women can offer these nafls at home.

Now uncover your head and declare your intention saying:

"O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj. Please

make it easy for me and accept it from me.


Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three

times and as often afterwards as possible. Men should say it

in a loud voice but women should say it in a subdued tone.

Now the prohibitions of Ihram start. Recall their detail and

follow the rules. From this point on men cannot cover their

heads for the duration of Ihram.

After the sunrise proceed towards Mina. On the way,

pronounce Talbiyah as often as you can and also utter other

supplications. But it is ok to follow the procedure of your

Mu'allim who usually arranges for hajis to leave for Mina

during the night after Isha prayers.

In Mina offer Zuhar, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers. Spend

that night in Mina and on 9 Zil Hijjah, offer Fajr prayer





9 Zil Hijjah--Second Day of Hajj




Offer Fajr prayer in Mina, say Takbir Tashriq (Allah-u




















Hajj Made Easy







for Arafat















Zuhr and

Asr Prayers














Isha Prayers






Zikr and







Fajr Prayer

and Waquf

Page 15 of 23





Akbar, Allah-u Akbar La Ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allah-u Akbar,

Allah-u Akbar wa Lillah-il-hamd) and Talbiyah. Get ready

and reach Arafat by zawal (declining of the sun).

Take a bath, if possible, otherwise perform wudu and have

meals. Packages of food are usually provided by the

Mu'allim. Also take some rest.

Waquf is started at the beginning of zawal (declining of the

sun) and ends at the sunset. Spend this time uttering

Talbiyah, repent on your sins, seek forgiveness and mercy of

Allah, say Darud Sharif and utter all the supplications (du'as)

in Arabic and in your own language. It is better to do Waquf

while standing but sitting down is also allowed.

In Masjid-e-Namrah, the imam leads Zuhr and Asr prayers,

combined and shortened, at Zuhr time with one adhan but

separate iqamahs. At other places in Arafat, some people

similarly combine these two salats. But it is advisable that

away from Masjid-e-Namrah, offer them at their proper times

with jama'at as recommended by the most scholars.

When the sun sets in in Arafat, proceed to Muzdalifah

without offering Maghrib prayer reciting Zikr and Talbiyah

on the way.

In Muzdalifah offer Maghrib and Isha prayers together at

Isha time. For both prayers there is one adhan and one


First offer Fard prayer of Maghrib with jama'at. Then

say Takbir Tashriq and Talbiyah.

Immediately after that offer Fard prayer of Isha with


After this offer two Sunnah of Maghrib.

Then offer two Sunnah of Isha followed by Witr


Offering Nafl prayer is optional.

This is a very blessed night in which glorify Allah, recite

Darud Sharif, read Quran, utter Talbiyah and supplicate very

humbly. Also take some rest.

Pick up forty-nine pebbles of the size of big grams (chick

peas) if Rami is to be performed for three days and seventy if

for four days.

At the Fajr time after two rakah Sunnah, offer Fard prayer

with jama'at. then perform waquf.












Hajj Made Easy





Return to











Rami of








Proceed to Mina when the sun is about to rise.





10 Zil Hijjah--Third Day of Hajj




In Mina, hit Jamrah Aqabah with seven pebbles one after the

Page 16 of 23

























Halq or


other. On account of risk to life, the old, weak or sick persons

can perform Rami a little before sunset or at night.

Stop saying Talbiyah when you throw the first pebble. Also

don't stop for du'a. Just go to your residence and do Qurbani

(animal sacrifice).

There are three days designated for qurbani, i.e., 10, 11 or 12

Zil Hijjah. It can be done any time during day or night. It is

usually easy to sacrifice an animal on 11 Zil Hijjah. Do qurbani

yourself or ask a reliable person to do it for you.

After qurbani men should preferably get their whole head

shaved (Halq) but it is permissible to cut the hair (Qasr) of their

whole head equal in length to a joint of a finger (about an inch).

It is also permissible to cut the hair (about an inch) of one fourth

of the head. A woman is prohibited to shave her head. She can

cut about an inch long hair of one fourth of her head. But

according to some scholars it is sufficient for a woman to have a

lock of her hair clipped.

If the sacrifice is postponed till the next two days, Halq or

Qasr is also postponed because it comes after the


Halq or Qasr can be done at any time up to the 12 of Zil

Hijjah even if the sacrifice is not postponed. After Halq or

Qasr all prohibitions of Ihram are lifted except the private

relations between husband and wife which are permissible

after Tawaf-e-Ziarah.

Halq or Qasr in Mina is a Sunnah. But you are allowed to

do it anywhere in Haram. If done outside the precincts of

Haram, it requires a Dam.

You have to make sure that Rami, sacrifice and shaving

or clipping of the hair are performed in the order in which

they are listed otherwise a Dam is required as a penalty.


Now perform Tawaf-e-Ziarat. It can be performed any time, day

or night, from 10 Zil Hijjah to the sunset of 12 Zil Hijjah.

Usually it is convenient to do it on 11 Zil Hijjah. Its procedure

is similar to that of Tawaf of Umrah and it is essential that you








Hajj Made Easy
















Sa'ey of



Return to


Page 17 of 23





have performed wudu. According to Sunnah this tawaf is to be

performed after Rami, sacrifice and shaving or clipping of the

hair, and every effort should be made to do that, but the Fard

stands discharged even if Tawaf-e-Ziarat is performed prior to

all these practices. As mentioned earlier, Halq or Qasr after

Qurbani lifts all the prohibitions of Ihram but the private

relations between man and wife are permitted only after this


After this perform Sa'ey. Its procedure is the same as that of

Sa'ey of Umrah. It is a Sunnah to make sure that your wudu is



Return to Mina when Sa'ey is done and spend the night there.





11 Zil Hijjah--Fourth Day of Hajj




Throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarat after zawal

Rami of












Do not



chance for


of Ziarah


Zikr and


(decline of the sun). Rami is usually easy a little before

sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Rami at night

if there is a risk to life.

Throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Oolah. Then move a little

forward. And with your hands raised and facing Qibla,

praise Allah and recite Arabic du'as or supplicate in your

own words. There are no prescribed du'as.

After this throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Wustah. Here too

facing Qiblah, praise Allah and earnestly seek his mercy and

blessings. No particular du'a is prescribed here either.

Then throw seven pebbles on Jamrah Aqabah. But this time

do not supplicate at all, after Rami just return to your place.



If you could not do Tawaf-e-Ziarah yesterday, do it today

and return to Mina for overnight stay.



At your residence, recite Quran, glorify Allah, repent on

your sins, and seek forgiveness. Ask Allah whatever you

want and don't commit any sin.














Hajj Made Easy











Rami of






12 Zil Hijjah--Fifth Day of Hajj




Throw seven pebbles on each of three Jamarat after zawal

(decline of the sun). Rami is usually easy a little before

Page 18 of 23













Do not


Last chance

for Tawaf

of Ziarah









sunset and at night. And it is permissible to do Rami at night

if there is a risk to life.

Throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Oolah. Then move a little

forward. And with your hands raised and facing Qibla, praise

Allah and recite Arabic du'as or supplicate in your own

words. There are no prescribed du'as.

After this throw seven pebbles at Jamrah Wustah. And

facing Qiblah, glorify Allah, recite Darud Sharif and

supplicate earnestly for whatever you desire. There is no du'a

prescribed for this occassion.

Then throw seven pebbles on Jamrah Aqabah and come back

to your residence without any du'a.


If you could not do Tawaf-e-Ziarah earlier, it is essential to

do it today before Maghrib.


After today's Rami, you have the option to return to Makkah

before sunset. But if the sun sets before you are able to

depart, remain in Mina for the third night and throw pebbles

the next day in the same order.

After Hajj, when you intend to return to your country from

Makkah, it is Wajib (obligatory) to perform Tawaf-e-Wida

(Farewell Tawaf). Its procedure is the same as that of a Nafl













(A Journey of Love)


















Hajj Made Easy
























Magnificent View of The Prophet's Mosque

Page 19 of 23

To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet's

city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram

nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet's Mosque.

Madinah is situated in central Hejaz. Red Sea is towards the west and Makkah is about

200 miles to the south.

Madinah was called Yathrib before Hijrah and came to be known as Taybah or

Madinah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) had great love for this city. He once said

that "There is a cure for every disease in the dust of Madinah" (Al-Targhib).

Unique Merit of the Prophet's Mosque. The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself

participated in the construction of this mosque, called it "My Mosque" and led prayers

in it for years. He has also said that a salah performed in the Prophet's Mosque is better

than a thousand salats in any other place except Masjid al-Haram in Makkah.

According to Hazrat Anas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has also said:

"The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without

missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and

other torments and also from hypocrisy." (Musnad Ahmad)

Visiting the Holy Tomb. It is a great privilege for the pilgrims to visit our beloved

Prophet's tomb. The Prophet (peace be upon him) once said:

"The person who comes solely for the

purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a

right on me that I should intercede for

him." ('Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V)

And he has also said:

"The person who performs Hajj and then

visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though

he had seen me in my worldly life." (Baihaqi)










Hajj Made Easy







Page 20 of 23

1. Travel to Madinah and Niyyah. When you start travel to Madinah, Make niyyah

(intention) as such:

" O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet

Muhammad (peace be upon him). Please accept it from me."

During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is

in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city

while reciting Darud and Salam.

2. Masjid-e-Nabvi. After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or

perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the

Prophet's Mosque while uttering Darud.

3. Bab-e-Jibril. Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam or if this is

not possible, enter through any other door.

4. Right Foot. Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say

Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Darud and say:

"Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka"

5. Two Raka't Nafl. If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two rakahs of nafl

tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably in Riaz al-Jannah near the

tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque.

6. In front of the Holy Tomb.

























1. The Holy


























2. Hadrat Abu Bakr 3. Hadrat Umar













Hajj Made Easy

Page 21 of 23




In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are

three sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the

picture carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars,

you'll see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy

Prophet. Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is

a round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the

right of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Umar



Here is an enlarged view of the screen in

front of the sacred face of our beloved

Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in

front of it and facing it, say in a respectful

and hushed voice:

"Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-

nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa


(Peace be on you, O Prophet,

and the mercy and blessings of


After this say:

"Assalatu was-salamu alaika

ya Rasul-Allah"

"Assalatu was-salamu alaika

ya Nabi-yallah"

"Assalatu was-salamu alaika

ya Habib-Allah"

Then supplicate to Allah for good things in

this life and the life after death. You may

use the same supplication recited earlier

during the Tawaf :

"Rabbana atina fid-dunya

hasanatan wa fil-akhirati

hasanatan wa qina azabin



7. Offer Salam of others. Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own

language or say:

"Asslamu alaika ya Rasul Allah min----."

After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative.

8. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. Then move a little to the right and stand

before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him

and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.

9. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq. Again move a little to the right before the grave






Hajj Made Easy

Page 22 of 23




of Hazrat Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make

supplication for him.

10. Forty Prayers. Men should offer forty prayers (Salat) in the Prophet's Mosque,

but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done,

but if not done there is no sin.

11. Other places to visit. Other important places to visit are: Masjid Quba, Jannat al-

Baqee, graves of Hazrat Hamzah and other martyrs of Uhud (may Allah be

pleased with them). These places are described under the heading: "Historical

Places of Madinah".

12. Departure from Madinah. When you have to leave Madinah, offer your Salam

again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation, supplicate to

Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.





The following are some of many historical places in Madinah which a pilgrim would

like to visit. Out of these a visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as it is only next

to the Holy Prophet's Mosque in status and sanctity. But spending time in Masjid-e-

Nabvi is far better than visiting other places, because the reward for offering 1 raka'at

of prayer there is 1,000 times more.

1. Jannat al-Baqee. The graveyard of Madinah, where a large number of Sahabah

karam (companions) including Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Abbas, Imam Hassan, and

wives and daughters of the Holy Prophet are buried. This graveyard is close to the

tomb of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), right after the courtyard of



Masjid Quba. This is the first mosque in the history of

Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet

Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself on his

migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka'ats of nafl in it is

equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet's Mosque

and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it

and pray in this mosque as well.

A visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended, and I

repeat myself for the sake of emphasis, that 2 raka'ats of

nafl here equal one Umrah.



Masjid Qiblatain. In this mosque, Allah directed

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who was in

the middle of a sal'at along with sahaba karam, to turn

his face from Islam's first qibla (Bait-ul-Muqqadis) to

Ka'bah in Masjid al-Haram. That is why this mosque is

known as a mosque with two qiblas.











Hajj Made Easy

Page 23 of 23




4. Masjid Jum'a. This mosque was built at a place where the Prophet (peace be

upon him) offered his first Jum'a prayer in Madinah.

5. Masjid Ghamama. This mosque is not far from Masjid-e-Nabvi. The Prophet

(peace be upon him) used to offer his Eidain prayers here. Once the Prophet led

Istasqa prayer in it and suddenly the clouds appeared and it started raining, hence

the name ghamama (clouds).

6. Masid Abu Bakr, Masjid Umar Faooq and Masjid Ali. These three mosques

are near Masjid Ghamama.

7. Badar. The plain of Badar is 20 miles south west of Madinah where the first

battle between 313 Muslims and 1000 Qureish of Makkah took place in 624 A.D.

The Muslims had seventy camels and two horses whereas the Qureish had a

cavalry of 200 Horses and 700 camels. They were superior in weapons too, but

Muslims were victorious because they were strong in morale and strategy due to

the leadership of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).

8. Jabal-e-Uhad. About four miles on the north of Madinah, famous battle of Uhad

was fought at 3 A.H. Hazrat Hamza, the Holy Prophet's uncle and other

companions are buried here.

9. Jabal-e-Sal'aa. This is the site for the battle of Ditch which was fought in 5 A.H.

Now there are six mosques at this place.







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